RARE 17-18th CENTURY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" CROSS "KEEPER OF UNIVERSE"

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (882) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202652141850 Well preserved rare version of ancient larger Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble Russian "Norse" design with hand-carved image of the three-bar Cross and abbreviated inscription of the prayer before the Holy Cross in Church Slavonic. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 17th-18th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse). Mildly worn off, but overall in a good structural shape. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with decades-long continuous wearing. Covered with beautiful original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith, sound and wearable. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top crossbeam is depicted attached on the top of the cross, according to the ancient tradition of the Russian North. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates an abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Orthodox pectoral crosses as a "nameplate" in their top part. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The letters are worn off and barely identifiable. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane or a stick. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Old Believers" crosses worn as baptism, body crosses by Orthodox Christians. The Instruments are depicted making a "V" shape (a feature of earlier "Old Believers" artistic design of crosses). A symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The reverse of the cross bears an abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic representing the beginning of the prayer before the Holy Cross: "КРЕСТ ХРАНИТЕЛЬ ВСЕЯ ВСЕЛЕННОЙ..." meaning "THE CROSS IS KEEPER OF ALL UNIVERSE; THE CROSS IS BEAUTY OF THE CHURCH; THE CROSS IS REGALIA OF TSARS; THE CROSS IS ASSERTION OF FAITHFUL; THE CROSS IS GLORY OF ANGELS; THE CROSS IS SORE OF DEMONS." The words of the inscription are well preserved and identifiable. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Well preserved rare version of ancient larger Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble Russian "Norse" design with hand-carved image of the three-bar Cross and abbreviated inscription of the prayer before the Holy Cross in Church Slavonic. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 17th-18th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse). Mildly worn off, but overall in a good structural shape. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with decades-long continuous wearing. Covered with beautiful original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith, sound and wearable., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Ancient "Norse" Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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