RARE 17-18th CENTURY X-LARGE ORNATE "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX "SUN" CROSS PENDANT

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (883) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202424298774 Gorgeous, beautifully preserved, extra large Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" pectoral "body" Cross featuring beautiful ornate openwork design with a combination of ancient symbols, such as the Suppedaneum (three-bar) and Saint Andrew's (X-shaped or "Saltire") Crosses, and the Crescent (half-moon) symbol known as "Tsata". The words of an Orthodox prayer on the obverse are well preserved and allow identification of the prayer. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar brass-like copper alloy, covered with beautiful, original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out (mostly on the reverse), likely as a result of devotional wearing. One of the upper side X-shaped diagonal crossbar is broken off and lost at some point of the cross' history. The necklace loop is worn out thin, but is structurally sound. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The ends of the crossbars are made in the shapes of "boxes" incorporating abbreviations made with Cyrillic letters. The center of the cross bears a crescent, or half-moon symbol known as "Tsata". It is a traditional, ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. Accordingly, the top "boxed" end of the vertical crossbar incorporates the larger, two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The lower space in the top "boxed" shape just below the "KING OF GLORY" abbreviation, and around the vertical crossbar of the Suppedaneum Cross is filled with the words of the Orthodox Prayer in Church Slavonic meaning: "BEFORE THY CROSS WE BOW DOWN IN WORSHIP, O LORD...". The words are well preserved and identifiable. The side "boxed" ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as Baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. A small, worn out image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The bottom "boxed" end of the vertical crossbar bears a four letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters appearing as "MLRB" meaning "THE CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. Alternatively, they might symbolize the rays of light coming from the glorious Holy Cross of the Savior. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, also known as "Saltire"). There are small droplet-like shapes covering the left and right sides of the vertical crossbar of the pendant. They might have a symbolic meaning as drops of the Most Precious Blood of the Savior, Jesus Christ, or as the "good fruits" of the vine sprouting from the Holy Cross. The reverse bears traces of heavily worn out ornament incorporating words of prayer, likely the continuation of the Orthodox prayer before the Holy Cross started on the obverse. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous, beautifully preserved, extra large Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" pectoral "body" Cross featuring beautiful ornate openwork design with a combination of ancient symbols, such as the Suppedaneum (three-bar) and Saint Andrew's (X-shaped or "Saltire") Crosses, and the Crescent (half-moon) symbol known as "Tsata". The words of an Orthodox prayer on the obverse are well preserved and allow identification of the prayer. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar brass-like copper alloy, covered with beautiful, original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out (mostly on the reverse), likely as a result of devotional wearing. One of the upper side X-shaped diagonal crossbar is broken off and lost at some point of the cross' history. The necklace loop is worn out thin, but is structurally sound. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing., Material: Copper alloy, patina, Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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