RARE 17-19th CENTURY LARGE ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" ORNATE "SUN" CROSS w/ ENAMEL

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (882) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202441220405 Gorgeous, well preserved, antique large Russian North Orthodox pectoral Cross pendant featuring a traditional early "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun" cross, a larger solid necklace bale, and words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, inlaid with partially preserved enamel. The cross is mildly deformed and worn out according to its age, has dents and a small superficial crack on the reverse just below the "Solar" circle, but appears to be structurally sound. One of the upper side X-shaped diagonal crossbar is broken off and lost at some point of the cross' history. The large necklace loop/bale is in perfect shape. Origin likely late 17th to early 19th century Russian North (Pomorian community of the "Priestless Old Believers"). Covered with patches of dark patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition. The Pomorian community also known as "Pomortsy" was founded in late 17th century in the Russian Northern region of Karelia on the banks of the Vyg river. The "Pomortsy" Old Believers soon became famous for their most beautiful, detailed cast copper artwork, such as Orthodox "body" crosses and icons, often decorated with enamels of various colors similar to those preserved on this Cross. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The ends of the crossbars are made in the shapes of "boxes" incorporating abbreviations made with Cyrillic letters. The top "boxed" end of the vertical crossbar incorporates an abbreviated inscription meaning "KING" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The side "boxed" ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The "box" shape in the bottom end of the vertical crossbar bears a two-letter abbreviation "NI", a part of the ancient Greek "NIKA" symbol meaning "VICTORIOUS" symbolizing Christ's victory. A small, symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, buried below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The center of the cross is surrounded by a symbolic circle similar to a Solar, or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams resembling design of the lily flowers (fleur-de-lis) superimposed on the circle surrounding the center of the cross (one of the four is missing). The diagonal crossbeams usually symbolize the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "Saltire"). There are small droplet-like shapes covering the left and right sides of the vertical crossbar of the pendant. They might have a symbolic meaning as drops of the Most Precious Blood of the Savior, Jesus Christ, or as the "good fruits" of the vine sprouting from the Holy Cross. The reverse bears is filled with the text of Orthodox Prayer that appears to be an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are well preserved and identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone, and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are authentic vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Well preserved, antique large Orthodox Cross pendant featuring traditional early "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun" cross, and words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, inlaid with partially preserved enamel; covered with patches of dark patina from the past centuries. The cross is mildly deformed and worn out according to its age, has dents and a small superficial crack on the reverse just below the "Solar" circle, but appears to be structurally sound. One of the upper side X-shaped diagonal crossbar is broken off and lost at some point of the cross' history. Origin likely late 17th to early 19th century Russian North. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. This Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, enamel, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross

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