RARE 18-19th CENTURY ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" LARGE "SUN" CROSS INLAID w/ ENAMEL

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (917) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202584827514 Gorgeous authentic antique large Orthodox Cross pendant featuring ornate "Old Believers" design bearing similarity to the Celtic-style "Sun Cross" with inscription of a traditional Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King on the reverse, and large solid crown-shaped necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, inlaid with two-colored enamel, blue and white (partially preserved - has areas of cracks and chip-offs). The Cross is slightly bent and mildly worn off as a result of devotional wearing, has few small dents, and covered with brown patina. There is a larger, visible dent in the bottom part of the Cross. Origin likely c. 18-19th century Russian North (Pomorian community of the "Priestless Old Believers"). The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Christian faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition. The Pomorian community also known as "Pomortsy" was founded in late 17th century in the Russian Northern region of Karelia on the banks of the Vyg river. The "Pomortsy" Old Believers soon became famous for their most beautiful, detailed cast copper artwork, such as Orthodox "body" crosses and icons, often decorated with enamels of various colors similar to those preserved on this Cross. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates the larger, two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The Kingship of Jesus is also symbolized by the shape of the necklace loop resembling the shape of a Byzantine-style crown. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as Baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. Just below the central horizontal crossbar, there is the "NIKA" inscription in Church Slavonic (as "NI" on the left and "KA" on the right side) meaning the "VICTORY" of Christ over sin and death. An image of the skull buried below the cross refer to Golgotha (Calvary), the hill, or elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. Just below the skull image, there is a plague with a four-letter Cyrillic abbreviation "MLRB" meaning "THE PLACE OF THE SKULL BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams, shaped as "fleur de lis", or "krinos" (lily flowers) superimposed on the circle surrounding the center of the cross. The ornamental circle makes it similar to a Celtic-style "Solar", or "Sun Cross". The diagonal bars usually symbolize the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "Saltire"). The reverse bears an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED..." incorporated into geometric ornament. The words of the prayer are well preserved and identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous authentic antique large Orthodox Cross pendant featuring ornate "Old Believers" design bearing similarity to the Celtic-style "Sun Cross" with inscription of a traditional Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King on the reverse, and large solid crown-shaped necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, inlaid with two-colored enamel, blue and white (partially preserved - has areas of cracks and chip-offs). The Cross is slightly bent and mildly worn off as a result of devotional wearing, has few small dents, and covered with brown patina. There is a larger, visible dent in the bottom part of the Cross. Origin likely c. 18-19th century Russian North (Pomorian community of the "Priestless Old Believers"). The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Christian faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy; 2-color enamels, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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