RARE ANTIQUE 17-18th CENTURY LARGE ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" ORNATE CROSS PENDANT

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (883) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202652117833 Unique large (over 2" long) antique Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross featuring ornate design with a combination of ancient symbols, such as the Suppedaneum (three-bar) and Saint Andrew's (X-shaped or "Saltire") Crosses, and the Crescent (half-moon) symbol known as "Tsata". Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original uncleaned brown patina from the past centuries. The Cross is lightly deformed and worn off, and the patina/oxidation is covering with thick layer inscriptions and smaller symbols making them difficult to read. Origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith and Orthodox Christianity. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest bar is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The center of the cross bears a crescent, or half-moon symbol known as "Tsata". It is a traditional, ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. The crossbar ends bear "boxed" shapes incorporating abbreviated inscriptions made in Church Slavonic. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates an abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The "boxed" shapes in the side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The bottom end has the Greek "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") symbol made in abbreviated Cyrillic form as "HKA", an ancient symbol of Christ's victory achieved on the Cross. The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. Alternatively, they might symbolize the rays of light coming from the glorious Holy Cross of the Savior. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, also known as "Saltire"). There are small droplet-like shapes covering the left and right sides of the vertical crossbar of the pendant. They might have a symbolic meaning as drops of the Most Precious Blood of the Savior, Jesus Christ, or as the "good fruits" of the vine sprouting from the Holy Cross. The reverse bears traces of heavily worn out ornament incorporating words of prayer, likely the traditional Orthodox prayer before the Holy Cross. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Unique large (over 2" long) antique Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross featuring ornate design with a combination of ancient symbols, such as the Suppedaneum (three-bar) and Saint Andrew's (X-shaped or "Saltire") Crosses, and the Crescent (half-moon) symbol known as "Tsata". Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original uncleaned brown patina from the past centuries. The Cross is lightly deformed and worn off, and the patina/oxidation is covering with thick layer inscriptions and smaller symbols making them difficult to read. Origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith and Orthodox Christianity., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Copper alloy, patina, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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