RARE ANTIQUE 17-19th CENT. LARGE ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" CROSS 3-COLOR ENAMEL

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (917) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202739350960 Rare antique large (over 2" long) Orthodox Cross pendant featuring a traditional early "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by ornamental openwork circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun" cross, and "Tsata" in the center, an ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. Made from bronze or similar copper alloy, decorated with 3-colored enamel inlays (partially preserved). The Cross is slightly bent and mildly worn off as a result of devotional wearing, has small dents and superficial scratches, and is covered with patina/oxidation. The enamel inlays have lost fragments, dents and cracks, and lost original color due to aging. Origin likely 17th to early 19th century Russian North. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition. The origin of the Cross is likely associated with the Pomorian community also known as "Pomortsy" founded in late 17th century in the Russian Northern region of Karelia on the banks of the Vyg river. The "Pomortsy" Old Believers soon became famous for their most beautiful, detailed cast copper artwork, such as Orthodox "body" crosses and icons, often decorated with enamels of various colors similar to those preserved on this Cross. The obverse bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The center of the cross bears a crescent-like symbol known as "Tsata". It is a traditional, ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams, shaped as "fleur de lis", or "krinos" (lily flowers), or "droplets", superimposed on the circle surrounding the center of the cross. The ornamental, openwork circle makes it similar to a Celtic-style "Solar", or "Sun Cross". The diagonal bars usually symbolize the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. Alternatively, they might symbolize the rays of light coming from the glorious Holy Cross of the Savior. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "Saltire"). There are small droplet-like shapes covering the left and right sides of the vertical crossbar of the pendant. They might have a symbolic meaning as drops of the Most Precious Blood of the Savior, Jesus Christ, or as the "good fruits" of the vine sprouting from the Holy Cross. The reverse bears a worn-off complex ornament with a large circle as a centerpiece. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone, and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are authentic vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare antique large (over 2" long) Orthodox Cross pendant featuring a traditional early "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by ornamental openwork circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun" cross, and "Tsata" in the center, an ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. Made from bronze or similar copper alloy, decorated with 3-colored enamel inlays (partially preserved). The Cross is slightly bent and mildly worn off as a result of devotional wearing, has small dents and superficial scratches, and is covered with patina/oxidation. The enamel inlays have lost fragments, dents and cracks, and lost original color due to aging. Origin likely 17th to early 19th century Russian North. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, enamel, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross

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