RARE ANTIQUE 17th-18th CENTURY ORTHODOX COPPER-IRON ST. ANDREW'S CROSS PENDANT

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (878) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202424917397 Gorgeous, beautifully preserved, antique Eastern Orthodox cross pendant featuring a unique combination of symbols, such as the "All-Seeing Eye", crescent (half-moon) symbol known as "Tsata", skull (Adam's head), the Suppedaneum (three-bar) and Saint Andrew's (X-shaped) Crosses. Cast from a copper-iron metal alloy, has heavier weight and some magnetic properties (please see the pictures). Origin circa 17th-18th century Imperial Russia. The cross is slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. Has dark brown patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a traditional image of a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top part of the vertical crossbar bears an image of the "All-Seeing Eye" symbolizing God the Father. In the center of the cross, there is a crescent, or half-moon symbol known as "Tsata". It is a traditional, ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. A tiny image of the skull, or Adam's head, buried below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross). The reverse bears floral vine-like ornaments symbolizing a life-giving nature of the Cross, and also referring to Christ's preaching: "I am the vine; you are the branches" (John 15:5). Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous, beautifully preserved, antique Eastern Orthodox cross pendant featuring a unique combination of symbols, such as the "All-Seeing Eye", crescent (half-moon) symbol known as "Tsata", skull (Adam's head), the Suppedaneum (three-bar) and Saint Andrew's (X-shaped) Crosses. Cast from a copper-iron metal alloy, has heavier weight and some magnetic properties (please see the pictures). Origin circa 17th-18th century Imperial Russia. The cross is slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. Has dark brown patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith., Material: Copper-iron alloy, Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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