RARE ANTIQUE 18-19th CENTURY LARGE ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" ORNATE "SUN" CROSS

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (883) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202659601513 Gorgeous, beautifully preserved large (over 2" long) Orthodox Cross pendant featuring traditional ornate "Old Believers" design with image of the three-bar cross over the skull (Adam's head), center of the cross surrounded by openwork circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, and large solid necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy; covered with original uncleaned dark brown patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. The cross is lightly deformed/bent, has few small scratches and dents, and worn off as a result of devotional wearing. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross surrounded by inscriptions in Church Slavonic. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest bar is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The space at the four lines next to the main horizontal crossbar of the three-bar cross is filled with a fragment of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer well preserved and identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. The top end of the vertical crossbar of the pendant bears abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. In the bottom end of the vertical crossbar, there is a worn-off four letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters appearing as "MLRB" meaning "THE CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. A symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head buried below the image of the three-bar cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The center of the cross is surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a Solar, or a Sun, or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams resembling design of the lily flowers (fleur-de-lis) symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross). The reverse is decorated with a combination of geometric and floral or vine-like ornaments symbolizing the life-giving nature of the Christian Cross, and also referring to the preaching of Christ: "I am the vine; you are the branches" (John 15:5). Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous, beautifully preserved large (over 2" long) Orthodox Cross pendant featuring traditional ornate "Old Believers" design with image of the three-bar cross over the skull (Adam's head), center of the cross surrounded by openwork circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, and large solid necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy; covered with original uncleaned dark brown patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. The cross is lightly deformed/bent, has few small scratches and dents, and worn off as a result of devotional wearing. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross

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