RARE ANTIQUE 19th CENTURY 1880s-1890s SOLID SILVER "84" ORTHODOX "SKULL" CROSS

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (1,014) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202537548943 Beautifully preserved, silver Russian Orthodox Cross pendant featuring plain and humble design with the skull with crossbones, or Adam's head. Solid silver, bears the "84" silver hallmark, the Imperial Russian Kostroma City mark print, and a maker's mark. Origin likely c. 1880-90s Imperial Russia. Traditional Russian Orthodox "body" Cross pendant featuring simple design and rich symbolic meaning. The cross is slightly bent, scratched and worn out due to its age and wearing, and covered with light silver patina. The necklace loop/bale in a great (likely original) shape. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith.Exact origin is determined based on the Imperial Russian Kostroma city mark (a small ship or a boat next to the 84 hallmark) known to be used in 1880s-1890s. Kostroma city is a part of the famous Russian "Golden Ring", a ring of ancient cities and towns northeast of Moscow with the most beautiful medieval Orthodox monasteries, churches and cathedrals with golden "onion-like" domes.The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross, several inscriptions made with Cyrillic letters, two stars and a tiny image of the skull, or the Adam's head buried below the cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top rounded end of the vertical crossbar of the pendant bears a two-letter abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The left and right side rounded ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. An image of the skull with crossbones, or Adam's head in the cave, below the image of the Cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The skull is marked with two Cyrillic letters, "ГГ", an abbreviation meaning "GOLGOTHA". The reverse of the cross pendant bears a two-letter abbreviation with Cyrillic letters which probably was a trademark of the silversmith, the "84" hallmark of silver, which was the Imperial Russian standard for silver based on the ancient "zolotnik" unit, and the city mark (Kostroma, 1880s-1890s). Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, measuring meter, and decorative stone are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved, silver Russian Orthodox Cross pendant featuring plain and humble design with the skull with crossbones, or Adam's head. Solid silver, bears the "84" silver hallmark, the Imperial Russian Kostroma City mark print, and a maker's mark. Origin likely c. 1880-90s Imperial Russia. Traditional Russian Orthodox "body" Cross pendant featuring simple design and rich symbolic meaning. The cross is slightly bent, scratched and worn out due to its age and wearing, and covered with light silver patina. The necklace loop/bale in a great (likely original) shape. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Solid silver "84" hallmark, Featured Refinements: Antique silver Orthodox Cross

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