RARE ANTIQUE c.16-18th CENTURY SOLID SILVER ORTHODOX SWORD-SHAPED CROSS PENDANT

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (852) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202618237717 Unique, beautifully preserved large solid (over 1 1/2" long, weight over 5.9 g) antique Eastern Orthodox or Eastern Catholic silver Cross pendant featuring ancient sword-shaped design. Origin likely c. 16th- early 18th century Tsardom of Russia. The Cross appears to be handmade of unmarked high-grade silver alloy; was acid-tested positive for the presence of silver (please see the pictures). The reverse bears distinct marks from hand grinding tools (files) of the master silversmith. It is mildly worn off according to its age, has superficial scratches and small dents, and is covered with patches of silver patina. The size and weight of the pendant are shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of late medieval Orthodox Christianity.The absence of a hallmark on Russian Imperial silver jewelry was not unusual before year 1700 when Tsar (King) Peter I the Great of Russia issued his "Ukaz" (Decree) making the Russian standardized hallmarking mandatory for the master makers using precious metals, gold and silver. Tsar Peter I's Decree ("Silver Assay Charter") ordered the items made by silversmiths to four standard grades of silver purity: 62, 84, 90 and 96 "zolotniki" (ancient Russian weight measure).The shape of the cross is similar to the Russian Orthodox crosses dated 15-16th century that are "sword"-shaped. In the Western Europe, such a shape of crucifixes and crosses was popular in the medieval period because of the Crusades. In a more general context of the Gospels, a sword-shaped cross refers to the preaching of Christ: "I came not to bring peace, but a sword" (Matthew 10:34), and "...if you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one." (Luke 22:36).The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The crossbar ends bear "boxed" shapes incorporating abbreviated inscriptions made in Church Slavonic. The letters are well preserved and identifiable. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates an abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The "boxed" shapes in the side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The bottom end has the Greek "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS"), an ancient symbol of Christ's victory achieved on the Cross. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Unique, beautifully preserved large solid (over 1 1/2" long, weight over 5.9 g) antique Eastern Orthodox or Eastern Catholic silver Cross pendant featuring ancient sword-shaped design. Origin likely c. 16th- early 18th century Tsardom of Russia. The Cross appears to be handmade of unmarked high-grade silver alloy; was acid-tested positive for the presence of silver (please see the pictures). The reverse bears distinct marks from hand grinding tools (files) of the master silversmith. It is mildly worn off according to its age, has superficial scratches and small dents, and is covered with patches of silver patina. The size and weight of the pendant are shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of late medieval Orthodox Christianity., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Solid silver alloy; acid-tested, Featured Refinements: Ancient Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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