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Item:202425585889Well preserved rare version of a large Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring a Celtic-style "knotted cross" ornament. The cross appears to be cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. It is lightly bent/deformed, worn out and covered with patches of beautiful rare green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 17th-18th century Imperial Russia. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a traditional image of a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross, and abbreviated inscriptions in Church Slavonic incorporated into diamond or rhomboid shapes positioned in the crossbar ends. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The diamond shape in the top end of the vertical crossbar bears a two-letter abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Orthodox crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The diamond shapes in the left and right side ends of the central horizontal crossbar of the pendant bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance or spear of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a "cane" or s stick. The instruments are marked with abbreviations in Church Slavonic inscribed just below the main horizontal crossbar of the three-bar cross as "KO" for "KOPIYE" meaning "SPEAR" and "TPO" for "TROST" meaning "CANE". They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as Baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. The bottom end of the vertical crossbar bears an image of the skull, or Adam's head, covered with green patina. The skull is depicted buried below the Suppedaneum cross referring to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The reverse bears beautiful, Celtic-style "knotted cross" ornament, a rare one to find on the traditional Orthodox "Old Believers" body crosses. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full.Condition:Used, Condition:Well preserved rare version of a large Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring a Celtic-style "knotted cross" ornament. The cross appears to be cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. It is lightly bent/deformed, worn out and covered with patches of beautiful rare green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 17th-18th century Imperial Russia. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture:Unknown, Material:Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements:Orthodox Cross, Type:Pendant
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RARE LARGE 16-17th CENTURY ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" CELTIC-STYLE "KNOTTED" CROSS