RARE MEDIEVAL 10-13th CENTURY VIKING-AGE BRONZE CROSS PENDANT w/ "LOZENGE" MOTIF

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (866) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202583626885 Beautifully preserved, ancient small Cross pendant from an early Christian period featuring diamond-shaped ("lozenge") motif and solid necklace bale/loop. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Similar objects are often called "Viking" crosses and are dated c.10th-13th century (according to the available literature). Good antique condition, slightly bent, scratched and worn out likely due to devotional wearing, has beautiful, original green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Christian faith. The four crossbar ends are designed as diamond-shaped, rhomboid ornaments surrounded by four dots each. The ornaments might have symbolic meaning of Four Nails used for the crucifixion of Jesus, with each such a "nail" surrounded by Four Wounds of Christ inflicted by the nails. The "diamond" or "lozenge" motif dates as far back as the Neolithic and Paleolithic period in Eastern Europe, and represented a sown field and female fertility. The ancient lozenge pattern often shows up in Diamond vault architecture, in traditional dress patterns of Slavic peoples, and in traditional Ukrainian embroidery. The lozenge pattern also appears extensively in Celtic art. The style of the pendant is similar to the early crosses of Celtic or Northern European (Scandinavian) origin. Similar crosses are often described as 10-11th century "Viking" crosses. Such crosses traveled across Europe during the Viking Age, a period of Nordic military, mercantile and demographic expansion reaching the Byzantine Empire, France, Italy, Baltic nations and Ancient Russia (Rus).Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, measuring meter and a decorative stone are not for sale, and photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference or artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved, ancient small Cross pendant from an early Christian period featuring diamond-shaped ("lozenge") motif and solid necklace bale/loop. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Similar objects are often called "Viking" crosses and are dated c.10th-13th century (according to the available literature). Good antique condition, slightly bent, scratched and worn out likely due to devotional wearing, has beautiful, original green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Type: Viking-style cruciform pendant

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