RHODES Island Off CARIA 394BC Nymph Rhodos ROSE Ancient Greek Coin i49613

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller highrating_lowprice (21,029) 100%, Location: Rego Park, New York, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 321723294207 Item: i49613 Authentic Ancient Coin of: Greek city of Rhodes ( Rhodos ) an Island off Caria Bronze 10mm (1.13 grams) Struck 394-304 B.C. Reference: SNGCop 750 var.; SNG von Aulock 2797 var. Diademed head of the nymph Rhodos left. P-O, rose with bud right. The large and important island of Rhodos, off the south-west coast of Asia Minor, produced a considerable coinage in the archaic period from its three major cities, Ialysos, Kamiros and Lindos. After the Persian wars no further coinage was issued on the island until the foundation of the new federal capital circa 408 B.C. This splendid city, situated on the northern promontory only 12 miles from the mainland, was given the same name as the island. It quickly achieved great prosperity and eventually became one of the principal trading centers of the ancient world. In the third century Rhodos exercised much political influence in the eastern Mediterranean, through the strength of its fleet. But in 167 B.C. the Romans declared Delos a free port, and the Rhodians, their prosperity now greatly diminished, sank into comparative obscurity. In Greek mythology , Rhodos or Rhodus (Ancient Greek: Ῥόδος) also known as Rhode was the goddess of the island of Rhodes and wife of Helios , she was the daughter of Aphrodite and Poseidon . You are bidding on the exact item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity. In this 1896 painting by John William Waterhouse , Hylas is abducted by the Naiads , i.e. fresh water nymphs Echo, an Oread (mountain nymph) watches Narcissus in this 1903 painting by John William Waterhouse . A nymph (Greek: νύμφη, nymphē) in Greek mythology and in Latin mythology is a minor female nature deity typically associated with a particular location or landform. Different from goddesses, nymphs are generally regarded as divine spirits who animate nature, and are usually depicted as beautiful, young nubile maidens who love to dance and sing; their amorous freedom sets them apart from the restricted and chaste wives and daughters of the Greek polis . They are believed to dwell in mountains and groves , by springs and rivers, and also in trees and in valleys and cool grottoes . Although they would never die of old age nor illness, and could give birth to fully immortal children if mated to a god, they themselves were not necessarily immortal, and could be beholden to death in various forms. Charybdis and Scylla were once nymphs. Other nymphs, always in the shape of young maidens, were part of the retinue of a god, such as Dionysus , Hermes , or Pan , or a goddess, generally the huntress Artemis . Nymphs were the frequent target of satyrs . Etymology Nymphs are personifications of the creative and fostering activities of nature, most often identified with the life-giving outflow of springs: as Walter Burkert (Burkert 1985:III.3.3) remarks, "The idea that rivers are gods and springs divine nymphs is deeply rooted not only in poetry but in belief and ritual; the worship of these deities is limited only by the fact that they are inseparably identified with a specific locality." The Greek word νύμφη has "bride" and "veiled" among its meanings: hence a marriageable young woman. Other readers refer the word (and also Latin nubere and German Knospe) to a root expressing the idea of "swelling" (according to Hesychius , one of the meanings of νύμφη is "rose-bud"). Adaptations The Greek nymphs were spirits invariably bound to places, not unlike the Latin genius loci , and the difficulty of transferring their cult may be seen in the complicated myth that brought Arethusa to Sicily. In the works of the Greek-educated Latin poets , the nymphs gradually absorbed into their ranks the indigenous Italian divinities of springs and streams (Juturna, Egeria , Carmentis , Fontus ), while the Lymphae (originally Lumpae), Italian water-goddesses, owing to the accidental similarity of their names, could be identified with the Greek Nymphae. The mythologies of classicizing Roman poets were unlikely to have affected the rites and cult of individual nymphs venerated by country people in the springs and clefts of Latium . Among the Roman literate class, their sphere of influence was restricted, and they appear almost exclusively as divinities of the watery element. Nymphs are also portrayed as selfish and as attention seekers who walk around naked in the middle of forests. Rhodes is a Greek island approximately 18 kilometres (11 mi) southwest of Turkey in eastern Aegean Sea . It is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of both land area and population, with a population of 117,007 of which 53,709 resided in the homonymous capital city of the island. Historically, Rhodes was famous worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes , one of the Seven Wonders of the World . The medieval Old Town of the City of Rhodes has been declared a World Heritage Site . Today Rhodes is a tourist destination. // Geography The island of Rhodes is shaped like a spearhead , 79.7 km (49.5 mi) long and 38 km (24 mi) wide, with a total area of approximately 1,400 square kilometres (541 sq mi) and a coastline of approximately 220 km (137 mi). The city of Rhodes is located at the northern tip of the island, as well as the site of the ancient and modern commercial harbours . The main air gateway (Diagoras International Airport, IATA code: RHO) is located 14 km (9 mi) to the southwest of the city in Paradisi . The road network radiates from the city along the east and west coasts. In terms of flora and fauna , Rhodes is closer to Asia Minor than to the rest of Greece. The interior of the island is mountainous, sparsely inhabited and covered with forests of pine (Pinus brutia) and cypress (Cupressus sempervirens). The island is home to the Rhodian deer. In Petaludes Valley (Greek for "Valley of the Butterflies"), large numbers of tiger moths gather during the summer months. Mount Attavyros, at 1,216 metres (3,990 ft), is the island's highest point of elevation. While the shores are rocky, the island has arable strips of land where citrus fruit, wine grapes, vegetables, olives and other crops are grown. Outside of the city of Rhodes, the island is dotted with small villages and beach resorts, among them Faliraki , Lindos , Kremasti , Haraki , Pefkos , Archangelos , Afantou , Koskinou , Embona (Attavyros), Paradisi , and Trianta (Ialysos). Tourism is the island's primary source of income. Earthquakes Rhodes has experienced severe earthquakes . Notable are the 226 BC earthquake that destroyed the Colossus of Rhodes ; the one on 3 May 1481 which destroyed much of the city of Rhodes; and the one on 26 June 1926. 15 July 2008, Rhodes was struck by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake causing minor damage to a few old buildings. One woman lost her life when she fell down stairs while trying to flee her home. History Ancient times The island was inhabited in the Neolithic period, although little remains of this culture. In the 16th century BC the Minoans came to Rhodes. Later Greek mythology recalled a Rhodian race called the Telchines , and associated the island of Rhodes with Danaus ; it was sometimes nicknamed Telchinis. In the 15th century BC, Mycenaean Greeks invaded. After the Bronze Age collapse the first renewed outside contacts are with Cyprus . In the 8th century BC the island's settlements started to form, with the coming of the Dorians , who built the three important cities of Lindos, Ialyssos and Kameiros , which together with Kos , Cnidus and Halicarnassus (on the mainland) made up the so-called Dorian Hexapolis . Before archaeology, myth stood in for blanks in the historical record/ In Pindar 's ode, the island was said to be born of the union of Helios the sun god and the nymph Rhode , and the cities were named for their three sons. The rhoda is a pink hibiscus native to the island. Diodorus Siculus added that Actis , one of the sons of Helios and Rhode, travelled to Egypt . He built the city of Heliopolis and taught the Egyptians the science of astrology . In the second half of the eighth century the sanctuary of Athena received votive gifts that are markers for cultural contacts: small ivories from the Near East and bronze objects from Syria. At Kameiros on the northwest coast, a former Bronze Age site, where the temple was founded in the eighth century, there is another notable contemporaneous sequence of carved figurines. Phoenician presence on the island at Ialysos is attested in traditions recorded much later by Rhodian historians. The Persians invaded and overran the island, but were in turn defeated by forces from Athens in 478 BC. The cities joined the Athenian League . When the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, Rhodes remained largely neutral, although it remained a member of the League. The war lasted until 404 BC, but by this time Rhodes had withdrawn entirely from the conflict and decided to go her own way. In 408 BC the cities united to form one territory. They built the city of Rhodes, a new capital on the northern end of the island. Its regular plan was superintended by the Athenian architect Hippodamus . The Peloponnesian War had so weakened the entire Greek culture that it lay open to invasion. In 357 BC the island was conquered by the king Mausolus of Caria , then it fell to the Persians in 340 BC. Their rule was also short. To the great relief of its citizens, Rhodes became a part of the growing empire of Alexander the Great in 332 BC, after he defeated the Persians. Following the death of Alexander his generals vied for control of the kingdom. Three: Ptolemy , Seleucus , and Antigonus , succeeded in dividing the kingdom among themselves. Rhodes formed strong commercial and cultural ties with the Ptolemies in Alexandria , and together formed the Rhodo-Egyptian alliance that controlled trade throughout the Aegean in the 3rd century BC. The city developed into a maritime, commercial and cultural center; its coins circulated nearly everywhere in the Mediterranean. Its famous schools of philosophy, science, literature and rhetoric shared masters with Alexandria: the Athenian rhetorician Aeschines , who formed a school at Rhodes; Apollonius of Rhodes ; the observations and works of the astronomers Hipparchus and Geminus , the rhetorician Dionysios Trax . Its school of sculptors developed a rich, dramatic style that can be characterized as "Hellenistic Baroque ". In 305 BC, Antigonus directed his son, Demetrius , to besiege Rhodes in an attempt to break its alliance with Egypt. Demetrius created huge siege engines , including a 180 ft (55 m) battering ram and a siege tower named Helepolis that weighed 360,000 pounds (163,293 kg). Despite this engagement, in 304 BC after only one year, he relented and signed a peace agreement, leaving behind a huge store of military equipment. The Rhodians sold the equipment and used the money to erect a statue of their sun god, Helios , the statue since called the Colossus of Rhodes . In 164 BC, Rhodes signed a treaty with Rome . It became an educational center for Roman noble families, and was especially noted for its teachers of rhetoric, such as Hermagoras and the author of the Rhetorica ad Herennium . At first the state was an important ally of Rome and enjoyed numerous privileges, but these were later lost in various machinations of Roman politics. Cassius eventually invaded the island and sacked the city. In the first century AD, the Emperor Tiberius spent a brief term of exile on Rhodes. Saint Paul brought Christianity to people on the island. Rhodes reached her zenith in the third century. In 395, the long Byzantine Empire -period began for Rhodes, when the eastern half of the Roman empire became gradually more Greek. Rhodes was occupied by the Muslim forces of Muawiyah I in 672. In circa 1090 it was occupied by the Muslim forces of the Seljuk Turks , not long after the Battle of Manzikert . Rhodes was recaptured by the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus during the First Crusade . Medieval period In 1309 the Byzantine era came to an end when the island was occupied by forces of the Knights Hospitaller . Under the rule of the newly named "Knights of Rhodes", the city was rebuilt into a model of the European medieval ideal. Many of the city's famous monuments, including the Palace of the Grand Master , were built during this period. The strong walls which the Knights had built withstood the attacks of the Sultan of Egypt in 1444, and of Mehmed II in 1480. Ultimately, however, Rhodes fell to the large army of Suleiman the Magnificent in December 1522, long after the rest of the Byzantine empire had been lost. The few surviving Knights were permitted to retire to the Kingdom of Sicily . The Knights would later move their base of operations to Malta. The island was thereafter a possession of the Ottoman Empire for nearly four centuries. Modern history The island was populated by ethnic groups from the surrounding nations, including Jews. Under the Ottoman Empire rule, they generally did fairly well, but discrimination and bigotry occasionally arose. In February 1840, the Jews of Rhodes were falsely accused of ritually murdering a Christian boy. This became known as the Rhodes blood libel . In 1912, Italy seized Rhodes from the Turks. The island's population thus bypassed many of the events associated with the "exchange of the minorities" between Greece and Turkey . Due to the Treaty of Lausanne , the island, together with the Dodecanese , was officially assigned to Italy. It became the core of their possession of the Isole Italiane dell'Egeo. Following the Italian Armistice of 8 September 1943 , the British attempted to get the Italian garrison on Rhodes to change sides. This was anticipated by the German Army , which succeeded in occupying the island. In great measure, the German occupation caused the British failure in the subsequent Dodecanese Campaign . On 19 July 1944 the Gestapo rounded up the island’s nearly 2000 Jewish inhabitants, to send them to extermination camps. About 160 of the island's more than 600 Greek Jews survived. The Turkish Consul Selahattin Ülkümen succeeded, at considerable risk to himself and his family, in saving 42 Jewish families, about 200 persons in total, who had Turkish citizenship or were family members of Turkish citizens. In 1948, together with the other islands of the Dodecanese , Rhodes was united with Greece. In 1949, Rhodes was the venue for negotiations between Israel and Egypt , Jordan , Lebanon , and Syria , concluding with the 1949 Armistice Agreements . Archaeology In ancient times, Rhodes was home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World—the Colossus of Rhodes . This giant bronze statue was documented as once standing at the harbour. It was completed in 280 BC but was destroyed in an earthquake in 224 BC. No trace of the statue remains today. Historical sites on the island of Rhodes include the Acropolis of Lindos , the Acropolis of Rhodes , the Temple of Apollo , ancient Ialysos , ancient Kamiros , the Governor's Palace , Rhodes Old Town (walled medieval city), the Palace of the Grand Masters , Kahal Shalom Synagogue in the Jewish Quarter , the Archeological Museum , the ruins of the castle of Monolithos , the castle of Kritinia and St. Catherine Hospice . Frequently Asked Questions How long until my order is shipped?: Depending on the volume of sales, it may take up to 5 business days for shipment of your order after the receipt of payment. How will I know when the order was shipped?: After your order has shipped, you will be left positive feedback, and that date should be used as a basis of estimating an arrival date. After you shipped the order, how long will the mail take? 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