Rare Large Antique 18-19 Century Orthodox "Old Believers" "Skull" Cross Psalm 51

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (1,036) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202613908399 Gorgeous, well preserved, large (over 2" long) and robust version of authentic antique Orthodox Cross pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled "Old Believers" design with the three-bar Cross over the skull (Adam's head), words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King inscribed on the Cross edges, and large solid necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original uncleaned dark green patina. Origin likely circa 18th-19th century Imperial Russia. The Cross is slightly bent, scratched and worn off likely due to devotional wearing. There is a small dent just below the centerpiece indicating a hit with a sharp object at some point of the item's past history since the dent is covered with the same patina. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the "Suppedaneum" three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The edges of the Cross bear a fragment of the "Repentant" Psalm of David (Psalm 51, or 50 of the Russian Orthodox Bible) inscribed in Church Slavonic meaning "HAVE MERCY ON ME, O GOD, ACCORDING TO THY LOVING KINDNESS...". The Psalm often serves as a prayer request for God's cleansing and pardon, as "a Psalm of David, when Nathan the Prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba". The words of the fragment appear to be exceptionally well preserved and identifiable. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates the two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top parts. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Just below the central horizontal crossbar, there is the "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscription made in Cyrillic letters as "NI" on the left, and "KA" on the right side, a symbol of Christ's victory over sin and death. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as baptismal, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. The spear and the cane are marked with one-letter Cyrillic abbreviation each just above them ("K" and "T" letters). There is worn-out symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross. The symbol refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The bottom end of the vertical crossbar bears a larger, four-letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters "МЛРБ" ("MLRB") meaning "The CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. The reverse of the cross bears worn-off text appearing as an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are poorly preserved. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and a measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference, and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous, well preserved, large (over 2" long) and robust version of authentic antique Orthodox Cross pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled "Old Believers" design with the three-bar Cross over the skull (Adam's head), words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King inscribed on the Cross edges, and large solid necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original uncleaned dark green patina. Origin likely circa 18th-19th century Imperial Russia. The Cross is slightly bent, scratched and worn off likely due to devotional wearing. There is a small dent just below the centerpiece indicating a hit with a sharp object at some point of the item's past history since the dent is covered with the same patina. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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