Seller: alte-roemer-gallery (1,244) 0%, Location: Hamburg, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 381003807927 Egyptian Stucco Mask of a Woman Object: Egyptian stucco mask of a woman Material: White stucco with polychrome paint Dimensions: 28cm length of the face, 16cm width, 18cm depth Dating: 2nd cent. AD Roman Egypt Description: Plastic mask of a woman of high status. Worked in great detail. The hollow mask of stucco, sometimes also called mummy mask, was removed from a sarcophagos at the rear head and neck. The rest of the head bears an ideally formed face that was painted in a naturalistic way. It is the face of a young woman. Narrow mouth with dimples to both sides. Small lips, painted in red and raised to a smile. Small and broad nose with fully modelled nares. The eyes are almond shaped and bear a black iris and pupil on white ground. The eyes are bordered by a black rim. Fine black strokes pointing outwards make up the eyelashes. The eyebrows are composed of two black lines which are horizontal around the nose and lower down towards the sides. Fine black strokes, just like for the eyelashes, mark individual hairs of the eyebrows. The lady wears a black wig with finely modeled curls. Four streaks fall on her forehead. The back of her head is fully covered by the rear part of the wig. The headdress is crowned by a turquoise-blue ribbon woven in her hair like a circle with a crosswise bar. The ears are uncovered by hair and each is adorned by an earring. Each earring is painted as a black chain holding a ring shaped pendant coloured like amber. It might represent gold. What is truely special about the mask is the high quality painted life-like portrait. The incredibly good state of preservation lifts this mask above the very select group of facial masks surviving the millenia. Thanks to the dry desert climate of Egypt the paint is still vivid and colourful. Remarks: Stucco masks like this were part of a mummy burial in Roman Egypt. They were cast in forms and then elaborately reworked and painted. In the final step, the mask was combined with other parts to resemble a full body mounted on the lid of a wooden coffin containing the mummy. It was a life-like image of the laid deceased. The head was inclined towards the chest, the hands were folded. This tradition during Roman Imperial times goes back to earlier Egyptian traditions of trying to achieve imortality for the deceases by remodelling him or her in detail. The use of stucco masks for that purpose started shortly after the Roman occupation of Egypt and lasted until the 3rd century AD. The head was modelled in a position with the chin closer to the chest from the 2nd century onward and that required the mask to be more plastic. Most of the egyptian stucco masks that survived until today originate in burial chambers built of brick in Roman Imperial times. The exact findspots are rarely known, but there is a noticible accumulation in Middle Egypt. Condition: Great condition with remarkably well-preserved paint. Small chips accross the head (cf. foto). One restored and stable crack along the right half of the face. Border from the separation from the coffin lid on the rear head and neck. There is a pencil mark on the inside "G... Pear 1927". This is a great example of an Egyptian stucco mask in museum quality! References: Published in Christie's Antiquities, Thursday 7 October 2010 (London, South Kensington), Lot 38. A similar mask sold in Christie's Sale 6060 as Lot 113 for 13750 GBP. Cf. S. Walker, M. Bierbrier: Ancient Faces, Mummy Portraits from Roman Egypt (Part IV of the Catalogue of Roman Portraits in the British Museum), page 140, no. 150. Cf. E. Brunner-Traut, H. Bunner, J. Zick-Nissen: Osiris, Kreuz und Halbmond. Die drei Religionen Ägyptens, page 154, no. 129. There, reference to Heidelberg, Ägyptologisches Institut der Universität, 6. Literature: S. Walker, M. Bierbrier: Ancient Faces, Mummy Portraits from Roman Egypt (Part IV of the Catalogue of Roman Portraits in the British Museum), page 131ff. Provenance: Acquired in 2013 from G. Vandervort. Previously, for three generations, in an English private collection. Acquired for this collection in the 1930ies to 1950ies. The pencil mark indicates that the mask was with a G. Pear in 1927. The stucco mask was Lot 38 of the Christie's auction 5488 in 2010 (estimate 5000 GBP to 7000 GBP), but was retracted by the consignor. Authenticity: All our objects are guaranteed to be authentic and come with a lifetime return policy on this matter. The name Alte Roemer stands for two passionate friends of ancient art and ancient numismatics. Our gallery is specialized in Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities as well as ancient coins. Please do not hesistate to ask if you have any questions concerning our items, shipping or appraisals. An invoice and a certificate of authenticity will be provided for every item we sell. Please take a look at our online shop boosting a broad selection of stunning ancient artefacts. We are looking forward to welcome you as a new customer! Alexander and Matthias! Alte Roemer Gallery, Germany ALTE ROEMER GALLERY AT A GLANCE • Modern online gallery • Assisting you personally in building an important collection • Lifetime guarantee on authenticity • Certified provenance • Shipping right to your doorstep COMPANY CONTACT Address: Alte Roemer GbR - Ancient Art and Antiquities Galley - Dr. Matthias Hoeh Dr. Alexander Khalaidovski Steindamm 3 20099 Hamburg Germany Contact: +49 89 716807 68 (phone) +49 89 716807 69 (fax) info [at] alteroemer.com RETURN POLICY ---- Instructions on withdrawal --- -- Right of withdrawal - You have the right to withdraw from this contract within 14 days without giving any reason. The withdrawal period will expire after 14 days from the day on which you acquire, or a third party other than the carrier and indicated by you acquires, physical possession of the goods. To exercise the right of withdrawal, you must inform us Alte Roemer GbR MD: Dr. Matthias Hoeh Volkartstrasse 93 80636 Muenchen Germany Phone: +49 89 716807 68 Email: info [at] alteroemer.com of your decision to withdraw from this contract by an unequivocal statement (e.g. a letter sent by post, fax or e-mail). You may use the attached model withdrawal form, but it is not obligatory. To meet the withdrawal deadline, it is sufficient for you to send your communication concerning your exercise of the right of withdrawal before the withdrawal period has expired. -- Effects of withdrawal - If you withdraw from this contract, we shall reimburse to you all payments received from you, including the costs of delivery (with the exception of the supplementary costs resulting from your choice of a type of delivery other than the least expensive type of standard delivery offered by us), without undue delay and in any event not later than 14 days from the day on which we are informed about your decision to withdraw from this contract. We will carry out such reimbursement using the same means of payment as you used for the initial transaction, unless you have expressly agreed otherwise; in any event, you will not incur any fees as a result of such reimbursement. We may withhold reimbursement until we have received the goods back or you have supplied evidence of having sent back the goods, whichever is the earliest. You shall send back the goods or hand them over to us, without undue delay and in any event not later than 14 days from the day on which you communicate your withdrawal from this contract to us. The deadline is met if you send back the goods before the period of 14 days has expired. You will have to bear the direct cost of returning the goods, including the transportation insurance that shall cover at least the total sales costs of the goods returned. You are only liable for any diminished value of the goods resulting from the handling other than what is necessary to establish the nature, characteristics and functioning of the goods. Such an examination is only accepted to the same extent that would occur during inspection of the goods e.g. in a retail shop. Please note that artifacts sold in groups will be regarded as one unit - any partial returns are not accepted. In particular, for antiquities it shall be noted that the total value of a piece (the term is applied to a single physical piece as well as to a group purchased during one transaction, see above) purchased can be substantially reduced when it is contaminated, underwent any invasive physical treatment like e.g. cleaning, was damaged or is returned only partially. In this case, the buyer has to provide an adequate compensation for the lost value. If you ordered the piece together with one or several pieces in a special offer or making benefit of any kind of discount, all items purchased in course of this special offer have to be returned simultaneously. Condition: Great condition with remarkably well-preserved paint. Small chips accross the head (cf. foto). One restored and stable crack along the right half of the face. Border from the separation from the coffin lid on the rear head and neck. There is a pencil mark on the inside "G... Pear 1927".This is a great example of an Egyptian stucco mask in museum quality!