Sophocles 3 Theban Plays Antigone King Oedipus at Colonus Fate in Ancient Greece

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller ancientgifts (4,560) 100%, Location: Lummi Island, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 382507220025 The Three Theban Plays: King Oedipus, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone by Sophocles, Translated by E.F. Watling. DESCRIPTION: Softcover: 168 pages. Publisher: Penguin Books; (1947). Sophocles' Theban plays: "Antigone", "Oedipus the King" and "Oedipus at Colonus". The legends surrounding the royal house of Thebes inspired Sophocles (496-406 B.C.) to create a powerful trilogy about mankind's struggle against fate. They depict Oedipus's fierce heroic encounter with his gods, and reveal Sophocles' masterful characterizations, dramatic speech and use of irony. "Kind Oedipus" tells of a man who brings pestilence to Thebes for crimes he does not realize he has committed, and who then inflicts a brutal punishment upon himself. With profound insights into the human condition, it is a devastating portrayal of a ruler brought down by his own oath. "Oedipus at Colonus" provides a fitting conclusion to the life of the aged and blinded king, while "Antigone" depicts the fall of the next generation, through the conflict between a young woman ruled by her conscience and a king too confident of his own authority. E. F. Watling's masterful translation is accompanied by an introduction examining the central themes of the plays, the role of the Chorus, and the traditions and staging of Greek tragedy. CONDITION: New oversized softcover. Unblemished except VERY slight edge and corner shelf wear to the covers. Pages are pristine; clean, crisp, unmarked, unmutilated, tightly bound, unambiguously unread. Condition is entirely consistent with new stock from a bookstore environment wherein new books might show minor signs of shelfwear, consequence of simply being shelved and re-shelved. Satisfaction unconditionally guaranteed. In stock, ready to ship. No disappointments, no excuses. PROMPT SHIPPING! HEAVILY PADDED, DAMAGE-FREE PACKAGING! PLEASE SEE IMAGES BELOW FOR JACKET DESCRIPTION(S) AND FOR PAGES OF PICTURES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEW: REVIEW: Here for the modern reader is the eloquent story of a noble family moving toward catastrophe, dragged down by pride from wealth and power, cursed with incest, suicide, and murder. Watling captures the dramatic power and intensity, the subtleties of meaning, and the explosive emotions of Sophocle's great Theban trilogy. Sophocles, who died at the age of nearly ninety, two thousand four hundred years ago, was one of the world greatest poets and dramatists. He speaks to us today with a message no less necessary and elevating than it was to the Greeks of the fifth century B.C. We too need to be told that man is but a limited and contingent creature, subject to sudden disrupting forces. Success is not finally to be measured by fame or material prosperity. Human greatness consists ultimately in nobly accepting the responsibility of being what we are. Human freedom is found in the personal working out of our fate in terms appropriate to ourselves. REVIEW: Sophocles was born at Colonus, just outside Athens, in 496 B.C., and lived ninety years. His long life spanned the rise and decline of the Athenian Empire. He was a friend of Pericles. Though not an active politician, he held several public offices, both military and civil. The leader of a literary circle and friend of Herodotus, he was interested in poetic theory as well as practice, and he wrote a prose treatise "On the Chorus". He seems to have been content to spend all of his life at Athens, and is said to have refused several invitations to royal courts. Sophocles first won a prize for tragic drama ion 468 B.C., defeating the veteran Aeschylus. He wrote over one hundred plays for the Athenian theatre, and is said to have come in first in twenty-four contests. Only seven of his tragedies are now extant, these being "Ajax", "Antigone", "Oedipus the King", "Women of Trachis", "Electra", "Philocetes", and the posthumous "Odepius at Colonus". A substantial part of "The Searchers", a satyr-play, was recovered from papyri in Egypt in modern times. Fragments of other plays remain, showing that he drew on a wide range of themes. He also introduced the innovation of a third actor in his tragedies. Sophocles died in 406 B.C. PROFESSIONAL REVIEWS: REVIEW: Aristotle called "Oedipus The King," the second-written of the three Theban plays written by Sophocles, the masterpiece of the whole of Greek theater. Today, nearly 2,500 years after Sophocles wrote, scholars and audiences still consider it one of the most powerful dramatic works ever made. Freud sure did. The three plays--"Antigone," "Oedipus the King," and "Oedipus at Colonus", are not strictly a trilogy, but all are based on the Theban myths that were old even in Sophocles' time. REVIEW: Sophocles' Theban plays: "Antigone", "Oedipus the King" and "Oedipus at Colonus". They depict Oedipus's fierce heroic encounter with his gods, and reveal Sophocles' masterful characterizations, dramatic speech and use of irony. Antigone defending her integrity and ideals to the death. Oedipus questioning for his identity and achieving immortality. These heroic figures have moved playgoers and readers since the fifth century B.C. Towering over the rest of Greek tragedy, these three plays are amongst the most enduring and timeless dramas ever written. REVIEW: I know of no better modern English version. The introductions and notes would by themselves have made this a valuable book. But the translation itself is of a high order, honest, clear, dignified. REVIEW: A marvel of craftsmanship and intelligence. Very speakable indeed, wonderful for actors. The best modern English translation available. READER REVIEWS: REVIEW: "The Three Theban Plays" of Sophocles collects three of the Greek tragic poets greatest tragedies. "King Oedipus" is not only the most read of all the Greek tragedies, it is also the most misread of the Greek dramas. Even those who do not know the play know the story about the man who killed his father and married his mother, "King Oedipus" is usually misread by students. Because they know the curse they miss something very important: the curse that the oracle at Delphi tells Oedipus is not the same curse that was told to his parents. The play's reputation exists in part because it was presented as the paragon of the dramatic form by Aristotle in his "Poetics," and it may well be because of that fact that "King Oedipus" was one of the relatively few plays by Sophocles to be passed down from ancient times. When I have taught Greek tragedies in various classes students have reconsidered the play in terms of key concepts such as harmartia ("tragic error of judgment"), angonrisis ("recognition"), peripeteia ("reversal"), catharsis, etc., and they usually agree this play provides the proverbial textbook examples of these terms. In "Oedipus at Colonus" Sophocles tells of the final fate of the exiled figure. Colonus is a village outside Athens, where the blind, old man has become a benevolent source of defense to the land that has given him his final refuge. The tragedy was produced posthumously in 401 B.C., and the legend is that it was used by Sophocles as his defense against the charge of senility brought by his children. In terms of its lack of dramatic structure (the scenes are connected by the character of Oedipus rather than by the loosely constructed plot) and the melancholy of its lyric odes it is the most atypical of the extant plays of Sophocles. But it is the characterization of Oedipus as a noble figure that stands out. This is still the same proud and hot-tempered figure who vowed to solve the reason for the curse on Thebes in the earlier play. But this is also an Oedipus who has accepted his punishment, even though he insists that he is innocent. The fact that this was the last play written by Sophocles offers a line of analysis for understanding "Oedipus at Colonus" as well. You can read in certain lyrics, such as the first "staismon" with its ode to Colonus and the characterization of King Theseus of Athens, the playwright's praise for the democratic institutions and proud history of Athens. On a more psychological level you can consider the play as articulating Sophocles' views on death. Still here is the compelling argument of the play that through his personal suffering Oedipus has been purified. Although narratively it comes last in the Theban plays, "Antigone" was actually written first by Sophocles. Following the death of Oedipus, his sons, Eteocles and Polyneices engaged in a civil war for the throne of Thebes (covered in "Seven Against Thebes" by Aeschylus). The two brothers kill each other and Creon, brother of Jocasta, becomes king. He orders that Eteocles, who nobly defended his city, shall receive an honorable burial, but that Polyneices, for leading the Argive invaders, shall be left unburied. This leads Antigone, sister to both of the slain brothers, to have to choose between obeying the rule of the state, the dictates of familial binds, and the will of the gods. This, of course, is the matter at the heart of this classic tragedy. It is too easy to see the issues of this play, first performed in the 5th century B.C., as being reflected in a host of more contemporary concerns, where the conscience of the individual conflicts with the dictates of the state. However, it seems to me that the conflict in "Antigone" is not so clear-cut as we would suppose. After all, Creon has the right to punish a traitor and to expect loyal citizens to obey. Ismene, Antigone's sister, chooses to obey, but Antigone takes a different path. The fact that the "burial" of her brother consists of the token gesture of throwing dirt upon his face, only serves to underscore the ambiguity of the situation Sophocles is developing. Even though the playwright strips Creon of his son, Haemon and wife, Eurydice by the end of the drama, it is not a fatal verdict rendered against the king's judgment, but rather the playing out of the tragedy that began with the birth of Oedipus to its grim conclusion. REVIEW: This collection of three plays is very good. The first play is "Antigone". This is about a girl who buries her brother against the command of the king. Even though she is engaged to the king's son, he sentences her to death. The second play is "Oedipus the King". In this drama we learn about Antigone's father, Oedipus. This is the first detective story. Oedipus is out to find the man bringing a curse on Thebes, only to discover he is the curse. The third play is "Oedipus at Colonus". This play is about Oedipus after his exile. One can tell that this play was written at a different time by Sophocles because the characters have changed very much. For me, one of the most fascinating things about all these novels is the way they provide us to look at the past. By looking at the values held by the people in these plays, we learn about the cultural beliefs of the ancient Greeks. In addition, they really are good drama, and Watling's translation is very easy to read. REVIEW: I'm not one to pick up a book of plays with enthusiasm. In fact, I'm not one to pick up a book of plays in the first place. But when we were instructed to read The Oedipus Plays of Sophocles, my eyes were glued to its pages! Much like Homer's Odyssey, this book has all of the components of a good reading. It has suspense, romance, fear, and best of all, the tragedy that completes it all. I must say that I adored Oedipus in Colonus the most, and I thought it to be intriguing as well as heart-wrenching. Do not hesitate in your next trip to the library if you see this book lining its shelves! Take a look, and I assure you that you won't regret it. I always ship books Media Mail in a padded mailer. This book is shipped FOR FREE via USPS INSURED media mail (“book rate”). The shipment will include free USPS Delivery Confirmation (you might be able to update the status of your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site and free insurance coverage). If you are concerned about a little wear and tear to the book in transit, I would suggest a boxed shipment - it is an extra $1.00. Whether via padded mailer or box, we will give discounts for multiple purchases. International orders are welcome, but shipping costs are substantially higher. Most international orders cost an additional $9.99 to $37.99 for an insuredshipment in a heavily padded mailer, and typically includes some form of rudimentary tracking and/or delivery confirmation (though for some countries, this is only available at additional cost). There is also a discount program which can cut postage costs by 50% to 75% if you’re buying about half-a-dozen books or more (5 kilos+). Rates and available services vary a bit from country to country. You can email or message me for a shipping cost quote, but I assure you they are as reasonable as USPS rates allow, and if it turns out the rate is too high for your pocketbook, we will cancel the sale at your request. ADDITIONAL PURCHASES do receive a VERY LARGE discount, typically about $5 per book (for each additional book after the first) so as to reward you for the economies of combined shipping/insurance costs. Your purchase will ordinarily be shipped within 48 hours of payment. 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Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price (less our original shipping costs). Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. However many of the items also come from purchases I make in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) from various institutions and dealers. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology. After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world - but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE." Condition: NEW (albeit faintly shelfworn). See detailed condition description below., Material: Paper, Provenance: Ancient Greece, Title: The Three Theban Plays, Publisher: Penguin Classics (1947 - later reprint), Length: 176 pages, Format: Softcover, Dimensions: 7¾ x 5¼ x ½ inches; ½ pound

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