Sophocles "Antigone" and "Oedipus the King" Classic Life in Ancient Greek Thebes

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller ancientgifts (4,530) 100%, Location: Ferndale, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 123010158669 Sophocles: Oedipus The King and Antigone, Translated and Edited by Peter D. Arnott. DESCRIPTION: Paperback: 105 pages. Publisher: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc; (1960). Parts 1 and 3 of Sophocles' Oedipus Cycle. Part 1, Oedipus, the King , is the story of Oedipus, King of Thebes. Abandoned as a young child, Oedipus returns to Thebes, unaware of his heritage and the phrophecy surrounding his birth. The fulfillment of his destiny and of those prophecies results in grave consequences for the royal house of Thebes. In Antigone, Part 3, Antigone, the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta, argues for the moral right to bury her brothers who have died in a civil war they fought over who was to rule Thebes after the banishment of Oedipus. Their uncle, Creon, became the king of Thebes and opposed their burial. The conflict between Antigone and Creon on the right of law: earthly, embodied in the will of the sovereign, or heavenly, in the dictates of the gods; is the central theme of the play. DESCRIPTION: [Antigone] Drama by Sophocles, possibly first performed in 442 or 441 B.C. It examines the conflicting obligations of civic duties versus personal loyalties and religious mores. “Antigone” concerns that part of the Oedipus story that occurs after Eteocles and Polyneices have killed each other over the succession to the throne of Thebes. Antigone's uncle Creon succeeds to the throne and decrees that anyone who buries the dishonored Polyneices will face capital punishment. Antigone, however, obeys her instincts of love and loyalty and defies the orders of her uncle, willing to face the consequences of her act of humanity. Believing that civic duty outweighs family ties, Creon refuses to commute Antigone's death sentence. By the time he is finally persuaded to free Antigone, she has killed herself. The discovery of her body prompts Creon's son, Haemon, to kill himself out of love and sympathy for the dead Antigone, and Creon's wife, Eurydice, then kills herself out of grief over these tragic events. At the play's end Creon is left desolate and broken. DESCRIPTION: [Oedipus the King] The tragic story of King Oedipus is one of the great dramas that Western culture has inherited from ancient Greece. It has penetrated the literature, legend, and language of all ages. Towering above the gallery of characters that Sophocles created are two who stand as universal symbols of human nature in its frailty and strength. Oedipus the King, who unknowingly killed his father and married his mother, and who atoned for these crimes by a voluntary act of self-punishment, Antigone, his daughter, who placed right and dignity above her life. CONDITION: Shelf wear and rubbing to the cover, previous owner name on first page, yellowing pages, in Good condition. PLEASE SEE IMAGES BELOW FOR SAMPLE PAGES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEW: REVIEW: [Antigone] In “Antigone”, Antigone, the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta, argues for the moral right to bury her brothers who have died in a civil war they fought over who was to rule Thebes after the banishment of Oedipus. Their uncle, Creon, became the king of Thebes and opposed their burial. The conflict between Antigone and Creon on the right of law: earthly, embodied in the will of the sovereign, or heavenly, in the dictates of the gods; is the central theme of the play. REVIEW: [Oedipus the King] Here for the modern reader is the eloquent story of a noble family moving toward catastrophe, dragged down by pride from wealth and power, cursed with incest, suicide, and murder. Sophocles, who died at the age of nearly ninety, two thousand four hundred years ago, was one of the world greatest poets and dramatists. He speaks to us today with a message no less necessary and elevating than it was to the Greeks of the fifth century B.C. We too need to be told that man is but a limited and contingent creature, subject to sudden disrupting forces. Success is not finally to be measured by fame or material prosperity. Human greatness consists ultimately in nobly accepting the responsibility of being what we are. Human freedom is found in the personal working out of our fate in terms appropriate to ourselves. REVIEW: Editor and Translator Peter D. Arnott was Professor of Dramatic Arts at Tufts University at the time of his death in 1990. PROFESSIONAL REVIEWS: REVIEW: Sophocles' Theban plays: "Antigone" and "Oedipus the King" (as well as "Oedipus at Colonus") depict Oedipus's fierce heroic encounter with his gods, and reveal Sophocles' masterful characterizations, dramatic speech and use of irony. Antigone defending her integrity and ideals to the death. Oedipus questioning for his identity and achieving immortality. These heroic figures have moved playgoers and readers since the fifth century B.C. Towering over the rest of Greek tragedy, these three plays are amongst the most enduring and timeless dramas ever written. REVIEW: I know of no better modern English version. The translation is of a high order, honest, clear, dignified. REVIEW: A marvel of craftsmanship and intelligence. Very speakable indeed, wonderful for actors. The best modern English translation available. REVIEW: [Antigone] An exceptionally compelling translation that captures the feel of the original. The introduction and the end material add several useful dimensions. Highly recommended! REVIEW: [Oedipus the King] Aristotle called "Oedipus The King," the second-written of the three Theban plays written by Sophocles, the masterpiece of the whole of Greek theater. Today, nearly 2,500 years after Sophocles wrote, scholars and audiences still consider it one of the most powerful dramatic works ever made. Freud sure did. The play is based on the Theban myths that were old even in Sophocles' time. READER REVIEWS: REVIEW: [Antigone] Antigone (441 B.C.), written by Sophocles, is a very old and well-known play. It is a tragedy, because in the end things go wrong for nearly every everyone. I say nearly for everybody because if you pay attention when you read this book, you will have enjoyed a good play, and appreciated the various themes the author tackles in it. So, in that case, things won't go wrong for you! The plot is not complicated. Creon is a king, and Antigone is his niece. Creon orders that Antigone's brother, recently killed, must remain without sepulture, due to the fact that he was a traitor. The punishment for anybody who defies his orders will be death. Despite knowing that, Antigone cannot help but think her duty forces her to give sepulture to her brother, and in the end does exactly that. Alas, she is discovered, and of course everything goes downhill from that moment onwards. Several dichotomies are defined in the play, the main ones being "Individual versus State" (that is, Antigone versus Creon), "Conscience versus Law" (that is, Antigone following her conscience even though she know she doesn't respect the law) and "Divine Law versus Human Law". Antigone and Creon defend what each of them considers to be right, the first one justice, and the other one the law of the city. But which one has priority when they clash? And who should decide that? All in all, I enjoyed this play. I read it at university some years ago, for History of Political ideas, as an introduction to Greek thought. The above mentioned themes are considered repeatedly by different Greek philosophers, but also by many other thinkers of different nationalities throughout time. Why did (and does) that happen? Read this play, and find your answer, or pose more questions. You won't be alone. REVIEW: [Antigone] Although narratively it comes last in the Theban plays, "Antigone" was actually written first by Sophocles. Following the death of Oedipus, his sons, Eteocles and Polyneices engaged in a civil war for the throne of Thebes (covered in "Seven Against Thebes" by Aeschylus). The two brothers kill each other and Creon, brother of Jocasta, becomes king. He orders that Eteocles, who nobly defended his city, shall receive an honorable burial, but that Polyneices, for leading the Argive invaders, shall be left unburied. This leads Antigone, sister to both of the slain brothers, to have to choose between obeying the rule of the state, the dictates of familial binds, and the will of the gods. This, of course, is the matter at the heart of this classic tragedy. It is too easy to see the issues of this play, first performed in the 5th century B.C., as being reflected in a host of more contemporary concerns, where the conscience of the individual conflicts with the dictates of the state. However, it seems to me that the conflict in "Antigone" is not so clear-cut as we would suppose. After all, Creon has the right to punish a traitor and to expect loyal citizens to obey. Ismene, Antigone's sister, chooses to obey, but Antigone takes a different path. The fact that the "burial" of her brother consists of the token gesture of throwing dirt upon his face, only serves to underscore the ambiguity of the situation Sophocles is developing. Even though the playwright strips Creon of his son, Haemon and wife, Eurydice by the end of the drama, it is not a fatal verdict rendered against the king's judgment, but rather the playing out of the tragedy that began with the birth of Oedipus to its grim conclusion. REVIEW: [Antigone] An introductory note to “Antigone” states that the play was first performed around 440 B.C. The introductory note also includes a brief summary of events leading up to the events of this play. "Antigone" concerns the family of Oedipus, former ruler of the city-state of Thebes. As "Antigone" opens, Thebes is ruled by Creon, the brother-in-law of Oedipus. Creon is at odds with his niece, Antigone, because he denies a proper burial to Antigone's brother Polynices. Antigone's intention to defy her uncle sets this tragedy in motion. This is a powerful story about familial duty, social customs, gender roles, and the relationship between the individual and governmental authority. The issues in this play remain relevant today, and are powerfully argued by Sophocles' characters. At the heart of the play is this question: Is it right to disobey a law or edict that one feels is unjust? But "Antigone" is not just a philosophical meditation; it's also the story of a very personal clash between two strong-willed members of a very troubled extended family. A bonus in the play is the appearance of the seer Tiresias: it is a small but potent role. Overall, this play is a solid example of why ancient Greek drama has stood the test of time. REVIEW: [Antigone] Antigone is a Greek tragedy in every sense of the word from the moment you open the cover to the very last word on the last page you are totally immersed in a story that truly captivates and portrays the image of the human sprit. There is not an emotion that is not roused to life by this powerful piece of literature. The plot of this masterpiece seems to rack the deep recesses and foundations of your soul. The unique piece of literature is the story of a free-spirited young woman and her uncle the newly crowned kind of Thebes. In the begging all thing are well within this peaceful town but that is about to change. The hand of fate is again about to play devastating role in how the game of life is played. Creon the new king is a patriotic and devoted man who wants nothing more in life than the best for his own family and country men. But when his nephew stabs him in the back by starting a revolt against his rule, he has no choice but to defend his kingdom and contently killed his own flesh and blood. The king takes it a step too far though, he then goes and refuses to bury the young boy’s body. In the culture of the Greeks this a true curse to the soul of a man. They believe that until the body of the dead is buried he is forced to wander the earth in search of peace. The young Antigone is the sister to this brave hero now is stuck in and endless battle between her own morals and the governmental law. One might think that Sophocles, the author of this truly revolutionary piece of literature was trying to get his audience to think about their own decisions in life. The choices we make for day to day even the small ones a directly tied in to the values we have in life whether we realize it or not. Antigone for example chose to go against the law and bury her brother showing her true values of loyalty to family and her god rather than the forces of this earth. This kind of loyalty really hit me in the bottom of my heart. I think if could live my life day to day with half as much conviction she had I would be a great leader in my time. This play caused me to evaluate the principles of my own life and I hope to be a better leader because of it. I think that this is one of the most powerful and moving plays I have ever read and that is saying a lot. Everyone should read this really unique and revolutionary piece of literature sometime in their life it may save you a lot of heartache down the road. REVIEW: [Oedipus the King] Sophocles’ Theban plays encompass the Greek tragic poet’s greatest tragedies. "King Oedipus" is not only the most read of all the Greek tragedies, it is also the most misread of the Greek dramas. Even those who do not know the play know the story about the man who killed his father and married his mother, "King Oedipus" is usually misread by students. Because they know the curse they miss something very important: the curse that the oracle at Delphi tells Oedipus is not the same curse that was told to his parents. The play's reputation exists in part because it was presented as the paragon of the dramatic form by Aristotle in his "Poetics," and it may well be because of that fact that "King Oedipus" was one of the relatively few plays by Sophocles to be passed down from ancient times. When I have taught Greek tragedies in various classes students have reconsidered the play in terms of key concepts such as harmartia ("tragic error of judgment"), angonrisis ("recognition"), peripeteia ("reversal"), catharsis, etc., and they usually agree this play provides the proverbial textbook examples of these terms. REVIEW: [Oedipus the King] I just saw the 1957 film of Oedipus Rex. Wow! What a story. And this translation is extremely good. Sophocles' drama is so simple, and so perfect, that it will probably never be forgotten! This is the ancestor to Hollywood - from 2500 years ago. THRILL to the dramatic exposition of Oedipus' unknowing sins! LAUGH at the gorgeous double-entendres in every second line! SHUDDER at the scene where Oedipus and Jocasta think they have the prophecy licked, and laugh at the gods! This is fine drama, no mistake. REVIEW: This collection of plays is very good. Robert. The first play is “Antigone”. This is about a girl who buries her brother against the command of the king. Even though she is engaged to the king's son, he sentences her to death. The second play is “Oedipus the King”. In this drama we learn about Antigone's father, Oedipus. This is the first detective story. Oedipus is out to find the man bringing a curse on Thebes, only to discover he is the curse. For me, one of the most fascinating things about these plays is the way they provide us to look at the past. By looking at the values held by the people in these plays, we learn about the cultural beliefs of the ancient Greeks. In addition, they really are good drama, and the translation is very easy to read. I always ship books Media Mail in a padded mailer. This book is shipped FOR FREE via USPS INSURED media mail (“book rate”). The shipment will include free USPS Delivery Confirmation (you might be able to update the status of your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site and free insurance coverage). 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After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world – but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE." Culture: Ancient Greece, Product Type: History Book, Title: Sophocles: Oedipus The King and Antigone

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