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Venus of Hohle Fels, Germany : 35 000 - 40 000 years BP - replica

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Seller: lithea (780) 100%, Location: Brno, Moravia, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 192000246070 Material: resin, Details: This is a cast copy of venus of Hohle Fels, made of resin. I will send worldwide, 30 days money back guarantee. Venus of Hohle Fels From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (true height 6 cm (2.4 in)) The Venus of Hohle Fels (also known as the Venus of Schelklingen; in German variously Venus vom Hohlen Fels, vom Hohle Fels; Venus von Schelklingen) is an Upper Paleolithic Venus figurine hewn from ivory of a mammoth tusk found in 2008 near Schelklingen, Germany. It is dated to between 35,000 and 40,000 years ago, belonging to the early Aurignacian, at the very beginning of the Upper Paleolithic, which is associated with the earliest presence of Cro-Magnon in Europe. It is the oldest undisputed example of human figurative prehistoric art yet discovered, in terms of figurative art only the Zoomorphic Lion man is older. In 2011, the figure is still being researched in the University of Tübingen, though there are plans to house it and other discoveries from the region in a planned new museum in Swabia.[1]Context The Swabian Alb region has a number of caves that have yielded mammoth-ivory artifacts of the Upper Paleolithic period, totaling about twenty-five items to date. These include the lion-headed figure of Hohlenstein-Stadel dated to 40,000 years ago,[2] and an ivory flute found at Geißenklösterle, dated to 42,000 years ago.[3] This concentration of evidence of full behavioral modernity in the period of 40 to 30 thousand years ago, including figurative art and instrumental music, is unique worldwide and Conard speculates that the bearers of the Aurignacian culture in the Swabian Alb may be credited with the invention, not just of figurative art and music, but possibly, early religion as well.[4][5] In a distance of 70 cm to the Venus figurine Conard's team found a flute made from a vulture bone.[6] Additional artifacts excavated from the same cave layer included flint-knapping debris, worked bone, and carved ivory as well as remains of tarpans, reindeer, cave bears, woolly mammoths, and Alpine Ibexes.[5] Discovery Prehistoric pin-up, Nature[7] The discovery of the Venus of Hohle Fels by the archaeological team led by Nicholas J. Conard of Universität Tübingen Abteilung Ältere Urgeschichte und Quartärökologie pushed back the date of the oldest known human figurative art,[8] by several millennia,[9] establishing that works of art were being produced throughout the Aurignacian Period.[10] The figurine was discovered in September 2008 in a cave called Hohle Fels (Swabian German for "hollow rock") near Schelklingen, some 15 km (9 mi) west of Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, in southwestern Germany, by a team from the University of Tübingen led by archaeology professor Nicholas Conard, who reported their find in Nature.[11] The figurine was found in the cave hall, about 20 m (66 ft) from the entrance and about 3 m (10 ft) below the current ground level. Nearby a bone flute dating to approximately 42,000 years ago was found, the oldest known uncontested musical instrument.[3] Description The figurine was sculpted from a woolly mammoth tusk and had broken into fragments, of which six have been recovered, with the left arm and shoulder still missing. In place of the head, the figurine — which probably took "tens if not hundreds of hours" to carve [5] — has a perforated protrusion, which may have allowed its owner to wear it as an amulet. Use Paul Mellars at Cambridge University has suggested that by modern standards, the figurine "could be seen as bordering on the pornographic" [12] and the discoverer, Conard, has said: "This [figure] is about sex, extremely powerful depiction of the essence of being female".[13] Conversely, anthropologists at Victoria University of Wellington have suggested the figurines were not depictions of beauty, but represented "hope for survival and longevity, within well-nourished and reproductively successful communities".[14]

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