Seller: reelart (12,520) 99.4%, Location: New Port Richey, Florida, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 111055823680 Powered by Frooition.com Shop Categories Vinland, First Map of Americas, Discovered by Vikings, Very neat item Item Description You get a high quality full color, ready to frame, 600dpi 13 inches (33.02 centimeters) by 19 inches (48.26 centimeters) copy of the map. You will also get a one page certificate that explains the history & some of the theories about the map as explained below. This is meant to frame & display next to the map. The Vinland Map was discovered in 1957, bound up with a manuscript of undisputed antiquity, the Historia Tartorum. The map supposedly is a 15th century copy of a 13th century world map, showing the known parts of Europe, Asia and Africa, as well as an unknown land across the Atlantic Ocean labelled Vinland. The map also mentions that Vinland was visited in the 11th century. This corresponds well with a tradition in Viking folklore that Norsemen, using Iceland and Greenland as stepping stones, had a more or less regular contact with North America. According to some Icelandic sagas, North America was sighted in about 986 by Bjarni Herjolfsson, who was blown off course on a trip from Iceland to Greenland. His stories lured Leif Eiriksson on an expedition in the year 1000, on which he named (north to south): Helluland (ÂFlatstone LandÂ Â– possibly present-day Baffin Island) Markland (ÂWood LandÂ Â– possibly Labrador) and Vinland (ÂGrapevine LandÂ or ÂPasture LandÂ Â– possibly Newfoundland) Eiriksson established two settlements: StraumfjÃ¶rdr in the north and Hop in the south. Both attempts failed quickly, also due to attacks from the native skraelingar (ÂbarbariansÂ), and were never repeated. In 1960, archeological excavations at LÂAnse-aux-Meadows on Newfoundland turn up the remains of a Viking camp. For the first time, scientists establish that Vikings actually did cross the Atlantic. Interest in all things Vinland soars. Yale University buys the map in 1965, has it insured for $25 million and publishes it in that same year. That was the starting point for two debates that rage to this day: Where is Vinland? And: Is the map real? Some have placed Vinland in New England, after 1960 many were sure it was at LÂAnse-aux-Meadows, thinking any location more southernly unlikely. Others postulated that LÂAnse was an undocumented colonisation attempt, leaving open the possibility of Vinland having been more to the south, some would say as far south as present-day Rhode Island. The mapÂs authenticity is maintained by Yale at its second edition in 1995. Which is remarkable, considering the amount of criticism it has had to endure. Such as: While the map has been radiocarbon-dated to between 1423 and 1445, it appears to have been coated with an unknown substance in the 1950s. This could be an undocumented attempt at preservation, or it could be part of a forgerÂs attempt to draw a new map over an old one. ItÂs unclear whether this substance is over or under some of the ink on the pageÂ The ink itself has been chemically analysed, and dated to after 1923 due to the presence of anatase Â– a synthetic pigment in use only since the 1920s. Natural anatase has been demonstrated in various Mediaeval manuscripts, though. As for the content of the map, a number of questions challenge the age of the document. Greenland is presented as an island Â– a fact not physically proven until the turn of the 20th century and unknown to the Vikings, who mostly thought it a peninsula descending from the north. Several passages in the text are equally anomalous. Finally, the best argument against the mapÂs veracity seems to be that the Vikings were such good seafarers that they didnÂt use nautical maps at all. About Us About Us Payment Shipping Terms Returns About Us At Reel Art we are specialists in real and replica props. We are the leading authority on anything having to do with 007, Indiana Jones, Science Fiction and more. We are also fanatics on Ancient Mystery, Religious Riddles, Conspiracy Theories, UFOs and Oddity artifacts. When you buy from us it is from fans to fans as we are also huge collectors and have been in business for over 25 years. In addition to selling we are always open to trades and we also buy items for our collection. Please e-mail us for more information. We continue to strive to be a top notch quality company where you can rest assured that your needs will be addressed. We have been selling on Ebay for over 14 years and have over 10,000 positive feedbacks from happy customers. While we list on Ebay several hundred items we have even more that is not listed. If you are interested in a particular subject and see nothing listed in our store please contact. We can let you know if we have something or maybe put you in touch with someone who does. We are more than happy to answer any of your questions about which product is right for you - just get in touch. Thank you for shopping with Reel Art Payment Payment We accept payment via PayPal through Ebay, which is the quickest, easiest and most secure way to pay. In addition to Paypal you are welcome to pay using all major credit cards: Visa, Master Charge, American Express, Discover. Just e-mail us billing address, card number, expiration date & 3 digit code. Please note that all payments must be in USA Dollars. All Credit card and Paypal payments must be shipped to billing address. All payments made with personal checks, items are held 10 business days for check to clear. Please e-mail us if you have any further questions. Shipping Shipping All items usually ship within 24 hours of payment being received. If you need item shipped Express mail and we will do everything in our power to get item shipped as fast as possible. That will include a special trip to post office, even after shipments have been made, if that can save a day. Please be sure to express if you need items by a certain date so we can be aware and also we can give you a estimate of arrival time. Items in USA are shipped via USPS and are fully insured for replacement against loss and damage. in USA all boxes have a Delivery Confirmation number to confirm when package has arrived at your destination. This is not a tracking number however does sometimes work like one but not always, it depends on post office at that time. International First Class orders, according to the USPS, can take anywhere from 3 days to 5 weeks to arrive. Usually 10 working days is a good rule of thumb. Global Priority Mail Boxes can take 3 days to 10 Days to arrive and Global Express can take 3 days to 5 days to arrive. However in USA the post office does not guarantee anything. Please note that some DVDs that are out of stock might take 5 business days to reach us from manufacturer before they ship to International destinations, from us, so on those shipments the normal time would be 15 days instead of 10. If that is a problem please ask ahead of time whether they are in stock or not. USA customers buying DVDs is not a problem as the out of stock DVDs are drop shipped from manufacturer within 24 hours of payment received. We use a professional shipper and you are being charged the actual shipping charges based on weight and location. We always will combine shipping when possible. For foreign customers we will address their specific needs also. Please contact us if you have any questions. Terms Terms We aim to answer any questions or queries quickly and in most cases within 24 hours. All items are described as accurately as possible and photographs are of the actual items. Please email with any problems you might have and we will seek to rectify them to the best of our ability. We aim for a 5 star rating, if you feel unable to rate us with 5 stars please let us know before leaving feedback. We are sure we can work out any problems. we strive to be a top notch company. Returns Returns You are fully welcome to return your item for any reason within 60 days of purchase, no questions asked, as long as you are the original purchaser. If you wish to return your order for an exchange or refund, you must first contact us by email so that your request can be processed on our system. Please do not send items back without authorization. Your return must be received back to our warehouse in the manner it was sent in original box unused. Once inspected, We will happily refund your purchase price minus any shipping charges incurred. Or you can exchange your item for another and receive a full credit towards the new item. Any item item received back used or soiled may be subject to service charges and possibly refusal of return. You will be responsible for the cost of returning the item to us. Refunds and exchanges will only be processed when we have received and checked the returned items. Please include a copy of all relevant Ebay information concerning item. This would include; Your name, Address, Ebay ID, E-mail address, Method of payment, date of purchase. We aim to process refunds and exchanges within 24 hours of receiving of your return. If an order is returned to us because delivery has been refused, or because an incorrect address has been provided, the item/s will be held until we are contacted by you for reshipment. You also may have to pay additional shipping depending on circumstances. Helpful Links Add to Favorite Sellers Sign up to Newsletter View Feedback Contact Seller Visit seller's eBay Shop About Seller Page More Items!View more great items Powered by Frooition.com Frooition www.frooition.com | No-js Template | eBay design, eBay store design, eBay shop design, eBay template design, eBay listing design (ver:froo_no_js) This listing is currently undergoing maintenance, we apologise for any inconvenience caused. Condition: Must have item for any Ancient Mystery Collector!