Seller: rokgod333 (5,386) 100%, Location: Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 362590750708 MY FEEDBACK IS HIGH POSITIVE YOU CAN TRUST ME. MY EBAY STORE IS MYJEWELRYBLING FREE SHIPPING IN UNITED STATES pewter 2 5 point star in a circle point is up on one other down star on top of other circle under 2 stars fantasy crystal at center pendant charm + 30 inch 2mm leather cord necklace this length will fit over most peoples head but a lot of people just hang it on the rear view mirror in there car i tie a knot in end of leather to make 30 inch necklace this length will fit over most peoples head but a lot of people just hang it on the rear view mirror 2 MM 30 INCH leather necklace SIZE IT IS AROUND 1.75 quarters american coin TALL 1.75 WIDE round circle CHAIN CHARM RING IS SOLID METAL BRASS BASED JEWELER`S METAL BRASS IS USED BECAUSE OF ITS COHESIVE ABILITY WITH GOLD & SILVER TOP QUALITY AMERICAN MADE SHIPPED FAST I SHIP DAILY ALL EMAIL ANSWERED IF IN DOUBT READ MY FEED BACK IT IS HIGH POSITIVE MY EBAY STORE & DOMAIN IS MYJEWELRYBLING BELOW ARE RELATED KEYWORDS legend horror alloy metal magical magic fantasy witch myth magic fantasy dark all seeing eye folklore barbarian middle ages nostalgic skull bike motorcycle biker warrior pipe thug horror africa asian english egyptian irish scotland english wiccan religion religious costume ancient goth gothic celt celtic celt goth pagan druid stonehenge pimp thug dark rite ceremony voo doo cuba wizard BLING HIP HOP mythological occultism Use in new movements Latter Day Saints Serer religion Druze Other modern use Pentagram of Venus Bibliography External links mythological Early history Western symbolism East Asian symbolism Use in modern occultism Use in new religious movements Latter Day Saints Serer religion Other modern use Construction Golden ratio Trigonometric values Three-dimensional figures Higher dimensions Pentagram of Venus Bibliography External links Bahá'í Latter Day Saints Wicca religious use Serer religion Druze Other modern use Geometry Construction Golden ratio Trigonometric values Three-dimensional figures Higher dimensions LOGO ICON SIGN SYMBOL CULT OCCULT BELOW NAMES ANCIENT DEMONIC GODS Abaddon Abraxas Adramelech Agares Ahriman Aim/Haborym Aim Alastor Alloces Amdusias Amon Amy Andrealphus Andromalius Androma Anzu Asmodeus Astaroth Azazel Bael Balam Balan Balam Barbatos Bathin Beelzebub Ba’al-zebub Behemoth Demonology Evil Apocalypticism Beleth Belphegor Berith Bhairava (Shiva) Bifrons Botis Buer Bune Cacus Cali (Kali) Callicantzaros Camio Caym/Camio Cerberus Chiang-shih/ Kiang shi Cimejes Crocell Daevas Dagwanoenyent Daityas Dantalion Decarabia Deumus Ereshkigal Erinyes Eurynome Fallen Angels Fenrir Flaga Focalor Fomorians Foras Forneus Furcas Furfur Ereshkigal Erinyes Eurynome Fallen Angels Fenrir Flaga Focalor Fomorians Foras Forneus Furcas Furfur Hel Hiisi Hun/ Vucub Came Hurakan Iblis Incubus Ipos Ishtar/ Inanna Izanami Jinn Jormungand Kappas Lamia le Grand Negre Lechies Leonard Leraje Leviatha Lllith Lix Tetrax Loki Lucifer Malphas Mammon Mara Marax Marbas Marchosias Mastema Melchiresa Melchom Mephistophiles Mictlantecuhtli Moloch Murmur Naberius Nagas Nickar Nybbas Onoskelis Oriax Ornias Orobas Ose Paimon Phenex Picollus Pretas Pruflas Purson Rahovart Rakshasas Raum Ribesal Ronove Sabnock Sallos Samigina Satan Seere Seraphim Shax Shedim Sitri Stolas Succubus Tezcatlipoca Tlaltecuhtli Tornarsuk Tzitzimime Ukobach Uvall Valefor Vapula Vassago Vepar Vine Volac Vrykolakas Vucub Caquix Watchers/ Nephilim Xaphan Yan-gant-y-tan Yara-ma-yha-who Yenaldooshi Zagan Zepar KEYWORDS PENTAGRAM 5 POINT STAR INFO A pentagram (sometimes known as a pentalpha or pentangle or a star pentagon) is the shape of a five-pointed star drawn with five straight strokes. ... The pentagram has magical associations. The Egyptian hieroglyph representing "star" had five points while the "star" sign in Mesopotamian cuneiform had eight. Sopdet, the Egyptian personification of the star Sirius, is always shown with the five-pointed star hieroglyph on her head. Arms Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford (d. 1263) as shown by Matthew Paris (c. 1250). The star (or mullet) is comparatively rare in medieval heraldry, but from an early time, the five-pointed star was preferred in English and Scottish heraldry (e.g. in the Dering Roll, c. 1270), while the preferred number of points in German heraldry was six.[1] The star in the coat of arms of the De Vere family was in legend attributed to the First Crusade, when "a white star [...] did light and arrest upon the standard of Aubre de Vere". The de Vere star is notorious in English history, because in the Battle of Barnet in 1471, the white star of the Earl of Oxford was mistaken for the white rose of Edward IV by the Earl of Warwick, so that he erroneously attacked his own ally, losing the battle and likely the entire War of the Roses.[2] A pentagram (sometimes known as a pentalpha or pentangle or a star pentagon) is the shape of a five-pointed star drawn with five straight strokes. Pentagrams were used symbolically in ancient Greece and Babylonia, and are used today as a symbol of faith by many Wiccans, akin to the use of the cross by Christians and the Star of David by Jews. The pentagram has magical associations. Many people who practice Neopagan faiths wear jewelry incorporating the symbol. Christians once more commonly used the pentagram to represent the five wounds of Jesus.[1][2] The pentagram has associations with Freemasonry and is also used as a symbol by other belief systems. The word pentagram comes from the Greek word πεντάγραμμον (pentagrammon),[3] from πέντε (pente), "five" + γραμμή (grammē), "line".[4] The word "pentacle" is sometimes used synonymously with "pentagram".[5] The word pentalpha is a learned modern (17th-century) revival of a post-classical Greek name of the shape.[6] Contents 1 History 1.1 Early history 1.2 Western symbolism 1.3 East Asian symbolism 1.4 Use in modern occultism 1.5 Use in new religious movements 1.5.1 Bahá'í 1.5.2 Latter Day Saints 1.5.3 Wicca 1.6 Other religious use 1.6.1 Serer religion 1.6.2 Druze 1.7 Other modern use 2 Geometry 2.1 Construction 2.2 Golden ratio 2.3 Trigonometric values 2.4 Three-dimensional figures 2.5 Higher dimensions 3 Pentagram of Venus 4 See also 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External links History Early history In early (Ur I) monumental Sumerian script, or cuneiform, a pentagram glyph served as a logogram for the word ub, meaning "corner, angle, nook; a small room, cavity, hole; pitfall" (this later gave rise to the cuneiform sign UB 𒌒, composed of five wedges, further reduced to four in Assyrian cuneiform ). The word Pentemychos (πεντέμυχος lit. "five corners" or "five recesses")[7] was the title of the cosmogony of Pherecydes of Syros.[8] Here, the "five corners" are where the seeds of Chronos are placed within the Earth in order for the cosmos to appear.[9] A Pythagorean "Hugieia Pentagram"[10] In Neoplatonism, the pentagram was said to have been used as a symbol or sign of recognition by the Pythagoreans, who called the pentagram ὑγιεία hugieia "health"[11] Western symbolism The pentagram was used in ancient times as a Christian symbol for the five senses,[12] or of the five wounds of Christ. The pentangle plays an important symbolic role in the 14th-century English poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, in which the symbol decorates the shield of the hero, Gawain. The unnamed poet credits the symbol's origin to King Solomon, and explains that each of the five interconnected points represents a virtue tied to a group of five: Gawain is perfect in his five senses and five fingers, faithful to the Five Wounds of Christ, takes courage from the five joys that Mary had of Jesus, and exemplifies the five virtues of knighthood.[13] Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa and others perpetuated the popularity of the pentagram as a magic symbol, attributing the five neoplatonic elements to the five points, in typical Renaissance fashion. By the mid-19th century a further distinction had developed amongst occultists regarding the pentagram's orientation. With a single point upwards it depicted spirit presiding over the four elements of matter, and was essentially "good". However, the influential writer Eliphas Levi called it evil whenever the symbol appeared the other way up. "A reversed pentagram, with two points projecting upwards, is a symbol of evil and attracts sinister forces because it overturns the proper order of things and demonstrates the triumph of matter over spirit. It is the goat of lust attacking the heavens with its horns, a sign execrated by initiates."[14] "The flaming star, which, when turned upside down, is the hierolgyphic [sic] sign of the goat of Black Magic, whose head may be drawn in the star, the two horns at the top, the ears to the right and left, the beard at the bottom. It is the sign of antagonism and fatality. It is the goat of lust attacking the heavens with its horns."[15] "Let us keep the figure of the Five-pointed Star always upright, with the topmost triangle pointing to heaven, for it is the seat of wisdom, and if the figure is reversed, perversion and evil will be the result."[16] Man inscribed in a pentagram, from Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa's De occulta philosophia libri tres. The five signs at the pentagram's vertices are astrological. Another pentagram from Agrippa's book. This one has the Pythagorean letters inscribed around the circle. The occultist and magician Eliphas Levi's pentagram, which he considered to be a symbol of the microcosm, or human. The apotropaic use of the pentagram symbol in German folklore (called Drudenfuss in German) is referred to by Goethe in Faust (1808), where a pentagram prevents Mephistopheles from leaving a room (but did not prevent him from entering by the same way, as the outward pointing corner of the diagram happened to be imperfectly drawn): Mephistopheles: I must confess, my stepping o'er Thy threshold a slight hindrance doth impede; The wizard-foot [Drudenfuss] doth me retain. Faust: The pentagram thy peace doth mar? To me, thou son of hell, explain, How camest thou in, if this thine exit bar? Could such a spirit aught ensnare? Mephistopheles: Observe it well, it is not drawn with care, One of the angles, that which points without, Is, as thou seest, not quite closed. East Asian symbolism Wu Xing (Chinese: 五行; pinyin: Wǔ Xíng) are the five phases, or five elements in Chinese tradition (medicine, acupuncture, feng shui, and Taoism) They are similar to the ancient Greek elements, with more emphasis on their cyclic transformation than on their material aspects. The five phases are: Fire (火 huǒ), Earth (土 tǔ), Metal (金 jīn), Water (水 shuǐ), and Wood (木 mù). Use in modern occultism A goat's head inscribed in a downward-pointing pentagram, from La Clef de la Magie Noire by Stanislas de Guaita (1897). Based on Renaissance-era occultism, the pentagram found its way into the symbolism of modern occultists. Following Anton LaVey, and ultimately based on a drawing by French nobleman and occultist Stanislas de Guaita (La Clef de la Magie Noire, 1897), the Sigil of Baphomet, a pentagram with two points up inscribed in a double circle with the head of a goat inside the pentagram is the copyrighted logo of the Church of Satan. Aleister Crowley made use of the pentagram in his Thelemic system of magick: an adverse or inverted pentagram represents the descent of spirit into matter, according to the interpretation of Lon Milo DuQuette.[17] Crowley contradicted his old comrades in the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, who, following Levi, considered this orientation of the symbol evil and associated it with the triumph of matter over spirit. Use in new religious movements Bahá'í Main article: Bahá'í symbols The five-pointed star is a symbol of the Bahá'í Faith.[18][19] In the Bahá'í Faith, the star is known as the Haykal (Arabic: "temple" ), and it was initiated and established by the Báb. The Báb and Bahá'u'lláh wrote various works in the form of a pentagram.[20] An unidentified work of the Báb. Latter Day Saints The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints began using both upright and inverted five-pointed stars in Temple architecture, dating from the Nauvoo Illinois Temple dedicated on 30 April 1846.[21] Other temples decorated with five-pointed stars in both orientations include the Salt Lake Temple and the Logan Utah Temple. These usages come from the symbolism found in Revelation chapter 12: "And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars."[22] Wicca A typical Neopagan pentagram (circumscribed). Because of a perceived association with Satanism and occultism, many United States schools in the late 1990s sought to prevent students from displaying the pentagram on clothing or jewelry.[23] In public schools, such actions by administrators were determined in 2000 to be in violation of students' First Amendment right to free exercise of religion.[24] The encircled pentagram (referred to as a pentacle by the plaintiffs) was added to the list of 38 approved religious symbols to be placed on the tombstones of fallen service members at Arlington National Cemetery on 24 April 2007. The decision was made following ten applications from families of fallen soldiers who practiced Wicca. The government paid the families USD 225,000 to settle their pending lawsuits.[25][26] Other religious use Serer religion Yoonir, symbol of the universe in Serer religion and creation mythology.[28][29] Representation of the three worlds in Serer cosmogony: the invisible world, the terrestrial world and the nocturnal world.[27] The five pointed star is a symbol of the Serer religion and the Serer people of West Africa. Called Yoonir in their language, it symbolizes the universe in the Serer creation myth, and also represents the star Sirius.[28][29] Druze A multicolored version is used as symbol of the Druze religion. Other modern use The pentagram is featured on the national flags of Morocco (adopted 1915) and Ethiopia (adopted 1996) Morocco's flag Ethiopia's flag The Order of the Eastern Star, an organization (established 1850) associated with Freemasonry, uses a pentagram as its symbol, with the five isosceles triangles of the points colored blue, yellow, white, green, and red. In most Grand Chapters the pentagram is used point down, but in a few it is point up. Grand Chapter officers often have a pentagon inscribed around the star.[30](The logo shown here is from the Prince Hall Association). Order of the Eastern Star emblem A pentagram is featured on the flag of the Dutch city of Haaksbergen, as well on its coat of arms. Flag of Haaksbergen Geometry A regular pentagram colored to distinguish its line segments of different lengths. The four lengths are in golden ratio to one another. Fractal pentagram drawn with a vector iteration program The pentagram is the simplest regular star polygon. The pentagram contains ten points (the five points of the star, and the five vertices of the inner pentagon) and fifteen line segments. It is represented by the Schläfli symbol {5/2}. Like a regular pentagon, and a regular pentagon with a pentagram constructed inside it, the regular pentagram has as its symmetry group the dihedral group of order 10. It can be seen as a net of a pentagonal pyramid although with isosceles triangles. Construction The pentagram can be constructed by connecting alternate vertices of a pentagon; see details of the construction. It can also be constructed as a stellation of a pentagon, by extending the edges of a pentagon until the lines intersect. Golden ratio The golden ratio, φ = (1 + √5) / 2 ≈ 1.618, satisfying φ = 1 + 2 sin ( π / 10 ) = 1 + 2 sin 18 ∘ {\displaystyle \varphi =1+2\sin(\pi /10)=1+2\sin 18^{\circ }\,} \varphi =1+2\sin(\pi /10)=1+2\sin 18^{\circ }\, φ = 1 / ( 2 sin ( π / 10 ) ) = 1 / ( 2 sin 18 ∘ ) {\displaystyle \varphi =1/(2\sin(\pi /10))=1/(2\sin 18^{\circ })\,} \varphi =1/(2\sin(\pi /10))=1/(2\sin 18^{\circ })\, φ = 2 cos ( π / 5 ) = 2 cos 36 ∘ {\displaystyle \varphi =2\cos(\pi /5)=2\cos 36^{\circ }\,} \varphi =2\cos(\pi /5)=2\cos 36^{\circ }\, plays an important role in regular pentagons and pentagrams. Each intersection of edges sections the edges in the golden ratio: the ratio of the length of the edge to the longer segment is φ, as is the length of the longer segment to the shorter. Also, the ratio of the length of the shorter segment to the segment bounded by the two intersecting edges (a side of the pentagon in the pentagram's center) is φ. As the four-color illustration shows: r e d g r e e n = g r e e n b l u e = b l u e m a g e n t a = φ . {\displaystyle {\frac {\mathrm {red} }{\mathrm {green} }}={\frac {\mathrm {green} }{\mathrm {blue} }}={\frac {\mathrm {blue} }{\mathrm {magenta} }}=\varphi .} {\frac {{\mathrm {red}}}{{\mathrm {green}}}}={\frac {{\mathrm {green}}}{{\mathrm {blue}}}}={\frac {{\mathrm {blue}}}{{\mathrm {magenta}}}}=\varphi . The pentagram includes ten isosceles triangles: five acute and five obtuse isosceles triangles. In all of them, the ratio of the longer side to the shorter side is φ. The acute triangles are golden triangles. The obtuse isosceles triangle highlighted via the colored lines in the illustration is a golden gnomon. Trigonometric values Further information: Exact trigonometric constants: Pentagon sin π 10 = sin 18 ∘ = 5 − 1 4 = φ − 1 2 = 1 2 φ {\displaystyle \sin {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\sin 18^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt {5}}-1}{4}}={\frac {\varphi -1}{2}}={\frac {1}{2\varphi }}} \sin {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\sin 18^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt 5}-1}{4}}={\frac {\varphi -1}{2}}={\frac {1}{2\varphi }} cos π 10 = cos 18 ∘ = 2 ( 5 + 5 ) 4 {\displaystyle \cos {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\cos 18^{\circ }={\frac {\sqrt {2(5+{\sqrt {5}})}}{4}}} \cos {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\cos 18^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt {2(5+{\sqrt 5})}}}{4}} tan π 10 = tan 18 ∘ = 5 ( 5 − 2 5 ) 5 {\displaystyle \tan {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\tan 18^{\circ }={\frac {\sqrt {5(5-2{\sqrt {5}})}}{5}}} \tan {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\tan 18^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt {5(5-2{\sqrt 5})}}}{5}} cot π 10 = cot 18 ∘ = 5 + 2 5 {\displaystyle \cot {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\cot 18^{\circ }={\sqrt {5+2{\sqrt {5}}}}} \cot {\frac {\pi }{10}}=\cot 18^{\circ }={\sqrt {5+2{\sqrt 5}}} sin π 5 = sin 36 ∘ = 2 ( 5 − 5 ) 4 {\displaystyle \sin {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\sin 36^{\circ }={\frac {\sqrt {2(5-{\sqrt {5}})}}{4}}} \sin {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\sin 36^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt {2(5-{\sqrt 5})}}}{4}} cos π 5 = cos 36 ∘ = 5 + 1 4 = φ 2 {\displaystyle \cos {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\cos 36^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt {5}}+1}{4}}={\frac {\varphi }{2}}} \cos {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\cos 36^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt 5}+1}{4}}={\frac {\varphi }{2}} tan π 5 = tan 36 ∘ = 5 − 2 5 {\displaystyle \tan {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\tan 36^{\circ }={\sqrt {5-2{\sqrt {5}}}}} \tan {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\tan 36^{\circ }={\sqrt {5-2{\sqrt 5}}} cot π 5 = cot 36 ∘ = 5 ( 5 + 2 5 ) 5 {\displaystyle \cot {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\cot 36^{\circ }={\frac {\sqrt {5(5+2{\sqrt {5}})}}{5}}} \cot {\frac {\pi }{5}}=\cot 36^{\circ }={\frac {{\sqrt {5(5+2{\sqrt 5})}}}{5}} As a result, in an isosceles triangle with one or two angles of 36°, the longer of the two side lengths is φ times that of the shorter of the two, both in the case of the acute as in the case of the obtuse triangle. Three-dimensional figures Further information: Uniform polyhedron: Icosahedral symmetry Several polyhedra incorporate pentagrams: Pentagrammic prism Pentagrammic antiprism Pentagrammic crossed-antiprism Small stellated dodecahedron Great stellated dodecahedron Small ditrigonal icosidodeca hedron Dodecadodecahedron Great icosi dodeca hedron Snub dodecadodecahedron Higher dimensions Orthogonal projections of higher dimensional polytopes can also create pentagrammic figures: 4D 5D 4-simplex t0.svg The regular 5-cell (4-simplex) has five vertices and 10 edges. 4-simplex t1.svg The rectified 5-cell has 10 vertices and 30 edges. 5-simplex t1 A4.svg The rectified 5-simplex has 15 vertices, seen in this orthogonal projection as three nested pentagrams. 5-simplex t2 A4.svg The birectified 5-simplex has 20 vertices, seen in this orthogonal projection as four overlapping pentagrams. All ten 4-dimensional Schläfli–Hess 4-polytopes have either pentagrammic faces or vertex figure elements. Pentagram of Venus The pentagram of Venus The pentagram of Venus is the apparent path of the planet Venus as observed from Earth. Successive inferior conjunctions of Venus repeat with an orbital resonance of approximately 13:8—that is, Venus orbits the Sun approximately 13 times for every eight orbits of Earth—shifting 144° at each inferior conjunction.[31] The tips of the five loops at the center of the figure have the same geometric relationship to one another as the five vertices, or points, of a pentagram. Groups of five intersections of curves, equidistant from the figure's center, have the same geometric relationship. stonehenge myththical magic fantasy bling hip hop hot pendant charm unisex wicca wild elephant animail zoo circus jungle india mascot animail jewelry zodiac creature magic myth mythical mythology astrology zodic flying harry potter fantasy magic witch wizard fire breathing dragon devil god gods jesus pentagram 6 point star salem stake flying animal pet zoo jungle tribal witch doctor witch`s doctor shaman stonehenge british english irish scottish moors enchanted wicca wiccan unicorn fable store tail african egyptian celtic gothic druid druidic pagan goth celt old ancient historic buda asian indian belief believe faith religion religious spiritual ghost casper history collectable voodoo voo doo wing wings sign emblem astrology zodic fantasy magic witch wizard devil god gods jesus egyptian buda asian indian belief stake tribal witchdoctor witchs angel pentagram 6 point star 2 mm 24 in inch mermaid mermaids merlin winged talon talons salem doctor shaman stonehenge british english irish scottish moors enchanted wicca wiccan unicorn fable african egyptian buda asian mythology crusade pew organ piano crusifix history collectable hip hop indian belief believe faith irish scottish moors enchanted wicca religion religious spiritual ghost theology casper history collectable voodoo voo doo,sign emblem 2 mm 24 in inch bible angel angels satan astrology zodic fantasy magic item items product products bling hot magic myth mythical mythology crusade pew organ piano gospal music tail witch wizard evil mermaid god gods jesus angel stonehenge british english wiccan belief believe faith religion religious spiritual ghost theology cross crusifix birth death symbol symbolic jewelry jewellry history collectable sign red black free dragon dragons elephant animal charm pendant necklace jewelry Pewter leather choker bulls french astrology zodic fantasy magic witch wizard african believe faith religion religious spiritual ghost theology casper history collectable myth mythical gospal music bible satan belief believe faith religion religious spiritual ghost theology cross Condition: New with tags, Brand: Unbranded, Style: Charm, Theme: Family & Friends, Metal: Pewter, Main Stone: No Stone, Color: Gray, Material: BRASS BASED JEWELER METAL, Length (inches): 30 inch leather, Country/Region of Manufacture: United States, Pendant Theme: bling mythical witch wizard folklore legend gothic, Base Metal: alloy, Metal Purity: alloy